I am using ReactJS.

When I run the code below the browser says:

Uncaught TypeError: Super expression must either be null or a function, not undefined

Any hints at all as to what is wrong would be appreciated.

First the line used to compile the code:

browserify -t reactify -t babelify examples/temp.jsx  -o examples/public/app.js

And the code:

var React = require('react');

class HelloMessage extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return <div>Hello </div>;

UPDATE: After burning in hellfire for three days on this problem I found that I was not using the latest version of react.

Install globally:

sudo npm install -g [email protected]0.13.2

install locally:

npm install [email protected]0.13.2

make sure the browser is using the right version too:

<script type="text/javascript" src="react-0.13.2.js"></script>

Hope this saves someone else three days of precious life.

Solution 1

Class Names

Firstly, if you're certain that you're extending from the correctly named class, e.g. React.Component, not React.component or React.createComponent, you may need to upgrade your React version. See answers below for more information on the classes to extend from.

Upgrade React

React has only supported ES6-style classes since version 0.13.0 (see their official blog post on the support introduction here.

Before that, when using:

class HelloMessage extends React.Component

you were attempting to use ES6 keywords (extends) to subclass from a class which wasn't defined using ES6 class. This was likely why you were running into strange behaviour with super definitions etc.

So, yes, TL;DR - update to React v0.13.x.

Circular Dependencies

This can also occur if you have circular import structure. One module importing another and the other way around. In this case you just need to refactor your code to avoid it. More info

Solution 2

This means that you want subclass something, which should be Class, but is undefined. The reasons might be:

  • typo in Class extends ..., so you extending undefined variable
  • typo in import ... from, so you import undefined from module
  • referenced module does not contain the value, you want import (e.g. obsolete module - case with React), so you importing non existing value (undefined)
  • typo in referenced module export ... statement, so it exports undefined variable
  • referenced module missing export statement at all, so it exports just undefined

Solution 3

It can also be caused by a typo error, so instead of Component with capital C, you have component with lower c, for example:

React.component //wrong.
React.Component //correct.

Note: The source of this error is may be because there is React and we think automatically what comes next should be a react method or property starting with a lowercase letter, but in fact it is another Class(Component) which should start with a capital case letter.

Solution 4

In my case, with react-native, the error was that I had

import React, {
} from 'react-native';

instead of

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import {
} from 'react-native';

Solution 5

I've seen this error when you have a circular dependency.

class A extends B {}
class B extends C {}
class C extends A {}

Solution 6

You can also receive this if you are attempting to execute React.Component with an erroneous () in your class definition.

export default class MyComponent extends React.Component() {}
                                                        ^^ REMOVE

Which I sometimes manage to do when I'm converting from a stateless functional component to a class.

Solution 7

I experienced this when missing an export statement for the JSX class.

For example:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
export default MyComponent // <- add me

Solution 8

For any other persons, that may develop this issue. You could also check that the component method in React.Component is capitalized. I had that same issue and what caused it was that I wrote:

class Main extends React.component {
  //class definition

I changed it to

class Main extends React.Component {
  //class definition

and everything worked well

Solution 9

Webpack 4 Chunks and Hashes with Uglification by TerserPlugin

This can occur when Webpack uses chunks and hashes with minification and unglification via TerserPlugin (currently on version 1.2.3). In my case the error was narrowed down to the uglification by the Terser Plugin of my vendors.[contenthash].js bundle which holds my node_modules. Everything worked when not using hashes.

Solution was to exclude the bundle in the uglification options:

optimization: {
  minimizer: [
    new TerserPlugin({
      chunkFilter: (chunk) => {
        // Exclude uglification for the `vendors` chunk
        if (chunk.name === 'vendors') {
          return false;
        return true;

More info

Solution 10

I got this when I had a typo on my import:

import {Comonent} from 'react';

Solution 11

Check for the Classes you extend actually exists, few React methods are depreciated, It also might be a Typo error 'React.Components' instead of 'React.Component'

Good Luck!!

Solution 12

I am going to contribute another possible solution, one that worked for me. I was using the convenience index to collection all components into one file.

I don't believe at the time of writing this is officially supported by babel, and throws typescript into a spin - however I've seen it used in many projects and is definitely convenient.

However, when used in combination with inheritance it seems to throw the error presented in the question above.

A simple solution is, for modules that act as parents need to be imported directly instead of via a convenience index file.


export Com1 from './com-1/Com1';
export Com2 from './com-2/Com2';
export Com3 from './com-3/Com3';
export Parent1 from './parent/Parent1';


import { Com2, Com3 } from '../index';

// This works fine
class Com1 {        
    render() {
        return (
                <Com2 {...things} />
                <Com3 {...things} />


import { Parent } from '../index';

// This does _not_ work
class Com3 extends Parent {        


import Parent from '../parent/Parent';

// This does work
class Com3 extends Parent {        

Solution 13

I have same issue, just change from Navigator to {Navigator}

import Navigator from 'react-native-deprecated-custom-components'
// to
import {Navigator} from 'react-native-deprecated-custom-components'

Solution 14

This worked for me:

import React, {Component} from 'react';

Solution 15

Not correct for this answer but for others with same error my ridiculously silly mistake could potentially help.

Stupidly,my issue was using function notation by including () following the class name.

Make sure your syntax is correct. And you've imported & exported any external components/modules with the correct names and paths.

This template should work fine if you have a newish version of react installed:

import React, { Component } from 'react'

class ExampleClass extends Component {



export default ExampleClass 

Solution 16

My conditions

  • Create-React-App
  • React-scripts v3.2
  • Froala rich text editor v3.1
  • Development mode worked fine
  • The production build was broken with the error mentioned in the question

Solution to my problem

Downgrade Froala to v3.0.

Something in v3.1 broke our Create React App build process.

Update: Use react scripts v3.3

We discovered that there was an issue between React Scripts 3.2 and Froala 3.1.

Updating to React Scripts v3.3 allowed us to upgrade to Froala 3.1.

Solution 17

I`ve written


instead of React.Component That was my issue)) and was looking for this more than half an hour.

Solution 18

In my case I was using:

class Root extends React.Component() {
// After React.Component () <- WRONG!!

which was wrong but correct is:

class Root extends React.Component {
// That -> '()' after React.Component was typo

also make sure there is
ˣ React.component or React.Components

Solution 19

I experienced this error while importing component like:

import React, { Components } from 'react';

instead of

import React, { Component } from 'react';

Solution 20

There might be a third party package causing this. In our case it was react-dazzle. We have similar settings to that of @steine (see this answer above).

In order to find the problematic package I ran the webpack build locally with production mode and thus was able to find the problematic package in the stack trace. So for us this provided the solution and I was able to keep the uglification.

Solution 21

Change import React from 'react-dom to import React, {Component} from 'react'
And change class Classname extends React.Component to class Classname extends Component
If you are using the latest version of React(16.8.6 as of now).

Solution 22

Using Babel (5.8) I get the same error if I try to use the expression export default in combination with some other export:

export const foo = "foo"
export const bar = "bar"
export default function baz() {}

Solution 23

Happened to me too when I used this :

class App extends React.Component(){


Instead of the right one :

class App extends React.Component{


Notice:- () in the first one which is the main cause of this problem

Solution 24

Here is one answer:

import React, { Component } from 'react'; // NOT 'react-dom'

Solution 25

In my case, I fixed this error by change export default class yourComponent extends React.Component() {} to export default class yourComponent extends React.Component {}. Yes delete the parenthesis () fixed the error.

Solution 26

Look if you have a typo error in your importation or your class generation, it could be simply that.

Solution 27

I've seen this error occur due to 'comments' in the bundle generated by webpack. Using 'pathinfo'= true in webpack.config.js can cause this issue:


module.exports = {
  output: {
    pathinfo: true,

'pathinfo' defaults to true in development and false in production mode. https://webpack.js.org/configuration/output/#outputpathinfo Try setting this value to false to resolve the issue.

This can also happen if you are not using a plugin to strip the comments from the build output. Try using UglifyJs (https://www.npmjs.com/package/uglifyjs-webpack-plugin/v/1.3.0):


const UglifyJsPlugin = require('uglifyjs-webpack-plugin')

module.exports = {
  optimization: {
    minimizer: [new UglifyJsPlugin(
      new UglifyJsPlugin({
        uglifyOptions: {
          output: {
            comments: false

Solution 28

If you are receiving this error and are using Browserify and browserify-shim (like in a Grunt task), you might have experienced a dumb moment like I did where you unintentionally told browserify-shim to treat React as already part of the global namespace (for example, loaded from a CDN).

If you want Browserify to include React as part of the transform, and not a separate file, make sure the line "react": "global:React" does not appear in the "browserify-shim" section in your packages.json file.

Solution 29

This can also happen if you had used require instead of import within your code.

Solution 30

For those using react-native:

import React, {
} from 'react-native';

may produce this error.

Whereas referencing react directly is the more stable way to go:

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { StyleSheet } from 'react-native';