json

mongodb

command-line

export

Trying to use a query with mongoexport results in an error. But the same query is evaluated by the mongo-client without an error.

In mongo-client:

db.listing.find({"created_at":new Date(1221029382*1000)})

with mongoexport:

mongoexport -d event -c listing -q '{"created_at":new Date(1221029382*1000)}'

The generated error:

Fri Nov 11 17:44:08 Assertion: 10340:Failure parsing JSON string near: 
$and: [ { 
0x584102 0x528454 0x5287ce 0xa94ad1 0xa8e2ed 0xa92282 0x7fbd056a61c4 
0x4fca29 
mongoexport(_ZN5mongo11msgassertedEiPKc+0x112) [0x584102] 
mongoexport(_ZN5mongo8fromjsonEPKcPi+0x444) [0x528454] 
mongoexport(_ZN5mongo8fromjsonERKSs+0xe) [0x5287ce] 
mongoexport(_ZN6Export3runEv+0x7b1) [0xa94ad1] 
mongoexport(_ZN5mongo4Tool4mainEiPPc+0x169d) [0xa8e2ed] 
mongoexport(main+0x32) [0xa92282] 
/lib/libc.so.6(__libc_start_main+0xf4) [0x7fbd056a61c4] 
mongoexport(__gxx_personality_v0+0x3d9) [0x4fca29] 
assertion: 10340 Failure parsing JSON string near: $and: [ {

But doing the multiplication in Date beforehand in mongoexport:

mongoexport -d event -c listing -q '{"created_at":new Date(1221029382000)}'

works!

Why is mongo evaluating the queries differently in these two contexts?

Solution 1

The mongoexport command-line utility supports passing a query in JSON format, but you are trying to evaluate JavaScript in your query.

The JSON format was originally derived from JavaScript's object notation, but the contents of a JSON document can be parsed without eval()ing it in a JavaScript interpreter.

You should consider JSON as representing "structured data" and JavaScript as "executable code". So there are, in fact, two different contexts for the queries you are running.

The mongo command-line utility is an interactive JavaScript shell which includes a JavaScript interpreter as well as some helper functions for working with MongoDB. While the JavaScript object format looks similar to JSON, you can also use JavaScript objects, function calls, and operators.

Your example of 1221029382*1000 is the result of a math operation that would be executed by the JavaScript interpreter if you ran that in the mongo shell; in JSON it's an invalid value for a new Date so mongoexport is exiting with a "Failure parsing JSON string" error.

Solution 2

I also got this error doing a mongoexport, but for a different reason. I'll share my solution here though since I ended up on this SO page while trying to solve my issue.

I know it has little to do with this question, but the title of this post brought it up in Google, so since I was getting the exact same error I'll add an answer. Hopefully it helps someone.

I was trying to do a MongoId _id query in the Windows console. The problem was that I needed to wrap the JSON query in double quotes, and the ObjectId also had to be in double quotes (not single!). So I had to escape the ObjectId quotes.

mongoexport -u USERNAME -pPASSWORD -d DATABASE -c COLLECTION --query "{_id : ObjectId(\"5148894d98981be01e000011\")}"

If I wrap the JSON query in single quote on Windows, I get this error:

ERROR: too many positional options

And if I use single quotes around the ObjectId, I get this error:

Assertion: 10340:Failure parsing JSON string near: _id

So, yeah. Good luck.