database

unix

mongodb

nosql

I have installed Mongodb and the PHP drivers on my Unix server.

My question is how can I tell if Mongodb is running? Is there a simple command line query to check status? If I start it once from the shell will it keep running if I exit the shell (this doesn't seem to be the case). How can I make the Mongodb connection persistent and auto start on server reboot?

I can run:

-bash-3.2$ su  
Password:  
[[email protected]]# cd /var/lib  
[[email protected]]# ./mongodb-linux-i686-1.6.5/bin/mongod  
./mongodb-linux-i686-1.6.5/bin/mongod --help for help and startup options  
Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 MongoDB starting : pid=7271 port=27017 dbpath=/data/db/ 32-bit  

** NOTE: when using MongoDB 32 bit, you are limited to about 2 gigabytes of data  
**       see http://blog.mongodb.org/post/137788967/32-bit-limitations  

** WARNING: You are running in OpenVZ. This is known to be broken!!!  

Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 db version v1.6.5, pdfile version 4.5  
Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 git version: 0eb017e9b2828155a67c5612183337b89e12e291  
Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 sys info: Linux domU-12-31-39-01-70-B4 2.6.21.7-2.fc8xen #1 SMP Fri  
Feb 15 12:39:36 EST 2008 i686 BOOST_LIB_VERSION=1_37  
Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 [initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017  
Wed Feb 23 08:06:54 [websvr] web admin interface listening on port 28017  

If I open a separate shell I can then then connect to mongodb:

-bash-3.2$ cd /var/lib  
-bash-3.2$ ./mongodb-linux-i686-1.6.5/bin/mongo  
MongoDB shell version: 1.6.5  
connecting to: test  
> db.foo.find()  
{ "_id" : ObjectId("4d63d7d3eb95985ab19c8feb"), "a" : 1 }

However if I close the initial shell I can't connect:

-bash-3.2$ cd /var/lib  
-bash-3.2$ ./mongodb-linux-i686-1.6.5/bin/mongo  
MongoDB shell version: 1.6.5  
connecting to: test  
Wed Feb 23 08:25:10 Error: couldn't connect to server 127.0.0.1 (anon):1154  
exception: connect failed

Solution 1

check with either:

ps -edaf | grep mongo | grep -v grep  # "ps" flags may differ on your OS

or

/etc/init.d/mongodb status     # for MongoDB version < 2.6

/etc/init.d/mongod status      # for MongoDB version >= 2.6

or

service mongodb status         # for MongoDB version < 2.6

service mongod status          # for MongoDB version >= 2.6

to see if mongod is running (you need to be root to do this, or prefix everything with sudo). Please note that the 'grep' command will always also show up as a separate process.

Check the log file /var/log/mongo/mongo.log to see if there are any problems reported.

Solution 2

I find:

ps -ax | grep mongo

To be a lot more consistent. The value returned can be used to detect how many instances of mongod there are running

Solution 3

For quickly checking if mongodb is running, this quick nc trick will let you know.

nc -zvv localhost 27017

The above command assumes that you are running it on the default port on localhost.

For auto-starting it, you might want to look at this thread.

Solution 4

this should work fine...

pgrep mongod

Solution 5

To check current running status of mongodb use: sudo service mongodb status

Solution 6

On Ubuntu (doc)

sudo systemctl status mongod

If running

 mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Wed 2020-10-14 14:13:40 UTC; 3s ago
       Docs: https://docs.mongodb.org/manual
   Main PID: 1604 (mongod)
     Memory: 210.8M
     CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service
             1604 /usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf

If not running

 mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: inactive (dead)
       Docs: https://docs.mongodb.org/manual

To start mongodb

sudo systemctl start mongod

Solution 7

Correct, closing the shell will stop MongoDB. Try using the --fork command line arg for the mongod process which makes it run as a daemon instead. I'm no Unix guru, but I'm sure there must be a way to then get it to auto start when the machine boots up.

e.g.

mongod --fork --logpath /var/log/mongodb.log --logappend

Check out the full documentation on Starting and Stopping Mongo.

Solution 8

You can use the below command, to check MongoDB status, e.g: sudo service MongoDB status which displays the status of MongoDB service as like the screenshot:

Solution 9

Probably because I didn't shut down my dev server properly or a similar reason. To fix it, remove the lock and start the server with: sudo rm /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock ; sudo start mongodb

Solution 10

To check whether the server is running on a systemd operating system, in a manner more suitable for use in a shell script, use

systemctl is-active mongod

rather than

systemctl status mongod

Solution 11

I know this is for php, but I got here looking for a solution for node. Using mongoskin:

mongodb.admin().ping(function(err) {
    if(err === null)
        // true - you got a conntion, congratulations
    else if(err.message.indexOf('failed to connect') !== -1)
        // false - database isn't around
    else
        // actual error, do something about it
})

With other drivers, you can attempt to make a connection and if it fails, you know the mongo server's down. Mongoskin needs to actually make some call (like ping) because it connects lazily. For php, you can use the try-to-connect method. Make a script!

PHP:

$dbIsRunning = true
try {
  $m = new MongoClient('localhost:27017');
} catch($e) {
  $dbIsRunning = false
}

Solution 12

Try this:

sudo systemctl status mongod