android

caching

image-loading

picasso

I load an image from disk using Picasso, e.g., Picasso.with(ctx).load(new File("/path/to/image")).into(imageView), but whenever I save a new image in that file, and refresh my ImageView, Picasso still has the bitmap cached.

Is it possible to invalidate the cache in Picasso?

Solution 1

In the recent versions of Picasso, there is a new method for invalidate, without any workarounds, so I think that custom PicassoTools class mentioned earlier, is now obsolete in this case

Picasso.with(getActivity()).invalidate(file);

Solution 2

Actually, based on your own answer, there is an easier way to do it without forking the library. Add this class to the com.squareup.picasso package.

package com.squareup.picasso;

public class PicassoTools {

    public static void clearCache (Picasso p) {
        p.cache.clear();
    }
}

Because cache has package visibility, this util class can clear the cache for you. You just have to call it:

PicassoTools.clearCache(Picasso.with(context));

Solution 3

Abort memory cache and disk cache check by indicate memory policy by flag: emoryPolicy.NO_CACHE and NetworkPolicy.NO_CACHE as below code snippet:

   mPicasso.with(mContext)
            .load(url)
            .memoryPolicy(MemoryPolicy.NO_CACHE )
            .networkPolicy(NetworkPolicy.NO_CACHE)
            .resize(512, 512)
            .error(R.drawable.login)
            .noFade()
            .into(imageView);

Solution 4

Try to use:

Picasso.with(ctx).load(new File("/path/to/image")).skipMemoryCache().into(imageView)

Solution 5

The order of search image in Picasso is: Memory cache -> Disk cache -> Network

So there are few scenario we need to invalidate cache in Picasso:

1.Invalidate memory cache:

  • Usercase: When image already update in disk cache or remote host
  • Solution: Clear cache of Url, File, Uri if exist

    mPicasso.with(appContext).invalidate(File);
    mPicasso.with(appContext).invalidate(Url);
    mPicasso.with(appContext).invalidate(Uri);
    

.

2.Invalidate memory cache and disk cache Online

note: Online mean update directly to ImageView

  • User case: Image updated on remote host

  • Solution: Abort image on memory cache and disk cache then request image on remote host

    mPicasso.with(appContext)
        .load(url)
        .memoryPolicy(MemoryPolicy.NO_CACHE )
        .networkPolicy(NetworkPolicy.NO_CACHE)
        .into(imageView);
    

    -> Abort memory cache and disk cache

.

3.Invalidate memory cache and disk cache Offline

note: Offline mean update not update to ImageView, just background fetch to using later

  • User case: You know image on remote host updated, but only want to update cache only to using afterward (not update into image view)
  • Solution: fetch only

     mPicasso.with(appContext)
        .load(url)
        .memoryPolicy(MemoryPolicy.NO_CACHE)
        .networkPolicy(NetworkPolicy.NO_CACHE)
        .fetch();
    

Note: Using fetch() is good but it also consume network resource, so please consider carefully, check scenario 4 in below for better solution

4.Invalidate memory cache and disk cache Offline if disk cache is exist

  • User case: Only invalidate cache if already exist in disk cache
  • Solution: Should check disk by using parameter: NetworkPolicy.OFFLINE cache before fetch

     mPicasso.with(appContext)
        .load(url)
        .memoryPolicy(MemoryPolicy.NO_CACHE)
        .networkPolicy(NetworkPolicy.OFFLINE)
        .fetch(new Callback() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess() {
                //Success: mean disk cache exist -> should do actual fetch
                picasso.load(url).fetch();
            }
    
            @Override
            public void onError() {
            //Failed: mean disk cache not exist
        }
    });
    

Picasso is an amazing libs, I hope squareup will add more convenience API to manage cache in upcoming future.

Solution 6

Another option is to delete the cache directory itself, for example on app startup:

deleteDirectoryTree(context.getCacheDir());

where:

/**
 * Deletes a directory tree recursively.
 */
public static void deleteDirectoryTree(File fileOrDirectory) {
    if (fileOrDirectory.isDirectory()) {
        for (File child : fileOrDirectory.listFiles()) {
            deleteDirectoryTree(child);
        }
    }

    fileOrDirectory.delete();
}

That deletes the whole cache directory, which is fine if you want to simulate first-use of your app. If you only want to delete the Picasso cache, add "picasso-cache" to the path.

Solution 7

What you can do if you want to delete all cache at once, is to create a custom Picasso.LruCache, and then use the clear method on it.

Here is a sample:

Picasso.Builder builder = new Picasso.Builder(this);
LruCache picassoCache = new LruCache(this);
builder.memoryCache(picassoCache);
Picasso.setSingletonInstance(builder.build());

To clear the cache:

picassoCache.clear();

Solution 8

You can clear image cache of picasso by setting your own cache and clear that. This code was tested on Picasso 2.5.0

private Picasso picasso;
private LruCache picassoLruCache;

picassoLruCache = new LruCache(context);

// Set cache
picasso = new Picasso.Builder(context) //
        .memoryCache(picassoLruCache) //
        .build();

// Clear cache
picassoLruCache.clear();

Solution 9

Doesn't loop pretty, but this approach fixed my issue with cache and Picasso. Only use this when you want to invalidate the cache for a specific URL, this approach is slow and probably is not the correct way of doing but works for me.

    String url = "http://www.blablabla.com/Raiders.jpg";
    Picasso.with(this).invalidate(url);
    Picasso.with(this)
            .load(url)
            .networkPolicy(
                    NetworkUtils.isConnected(this) ?
                            NetworkPolicy.NO_CACHE : NetworkPolicy.OFFLINE)
            .resize(200, 200)
            .centerCrop()
            .placeholder(R.mipmap.ic_avatar)
            .error(R.mipmap.ic_avatar)
            .into(imageView);

Solution 10

A very important part is missing from the accepted answer here. I found the trick from here: http://blogs.candoerz.com/question/124660/android-image-cache-is-not-clearing-in-picasso.aspx

Just calling the following line, wouldn't clear the cache of a photo when you use custom options like resize, center crop etc when displaying the original image.

Picasso.with(getContext()).invalidate(file);

The solution:

When displaying the image, use stableKey() method.

Picasso.with(getContext()).load(new File(fileUri))
                         .skipMemoryCache()
                         .placeholder(R.drawable.placeholder)
                         .stableKey(fileUri)
                         .into(imageview);

Then, you can clear the cache of this file later by calling this:

Picasso.with(getContext()).invalidate(fileUri);

Hope this will help.

Solution 11

You can skip memory cache by skipMemoryCache()

see the following

        Picasso.with(this)
            .load(IMAGE_URL)
            .skipMemoryCache()
            .placeholder(R.drawable.placeholder)
            .error(R.drawable.no_image)
            .into(mImageViewPicasso);

gradle compile "com.squareup.picasso:picasso:2.4.0"

Solution 12

Another option is to save the new image into a different file than the original. Since the Picasso bitmap cache is keyed off of the file path, loading the new image from a different file will result in a cache miss. This also has the side benefit of not having to clear the entire cache.

Solution 13

use shutdown() instead As per source code; shutdown will stop accepting further request as well as clear all cache

 /** Stops this instance from accepting further requests. */
  public void shutdown() {
    if (this == singleton) {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Default singleton instance cannot be shutdown.");
    }
    if (shutdown) {
      return;
    }
    cache.clear();
    cleanupThread.shutdown();
    stats.shutdown();
    dispatcher.shutdown();
    for (DeferredRequestCreator deferredRequestCreator : targetToDeferredRequestCreator.values()) {
      deferredRequestCreator.cancel();
    }
    targetToDeferredRequestCreator.clear();
    shutdown = true;
  }

Also you can not shutdown singleton instance. So you need to have instance variable for Picasso. Do not forget to reinitialize picasso instance everytime you shutdown() it in order to reuse it

Solution 14

File f = new File(path, name);
Picasso.with(this).invalidate(Uri.fromFile(f));