I am working on a Windows 2003 server (64-bit) with 8 GB RAM. How can I increase the heap memory maximum? I am using the -Xmx1500m flag to increase the heap size to 1500 Mb. Can I increase the heap memory to 75% of physical memory (6 GB Heap)?

Solution 1

You can increase to 2GB on a 32 bit system. If you're on a 64 bit system you can go higher. No need to worry if you've chosen incorrectly, if you ask for 5g on a 32 bit system java will complain about an invalid value and quit.

As others have posted, use the cmd-line flags - e.g.

java -Xmx6g myprogram

You can get a full list (or a nearly full list, anyway) by typing java -X.

Solution 2

It is possible to increase heap size allocated by the JVM by using command line options Here we have 3 options

-Xms<size>        set initial Java heap size
-Xmx<size>        set maximum Java heap size
-Xss<size>        set java thread stack size

java -Xms16m -Xmx64m ClassName

In the above line we can set minimum heap to 16mb and maximum heap 64mb

Solution 3

On a 32-bit JVM, the largest heap size you can theoretically set is 4gb. To use a larger heap size, you need to use a 64-bit JVM. Try the following:

java -Xmx6144M -d64

The -d64 flag is important as this tells the JVM to run in 64-bit mode.

Solution 4

You can increase the Heap Size by passing JVM parameters -Xms and -Xmx like below:

For Jar Files:

java -jar -Xms4096M -Xmx6144M jarFilePath.jar

For Java Files:

 java -Xms4096M -Xmx6144M ClassName

The above parameters increase the InitialHeapSize (-Xms) to 4GB (4096 MB) and MaxHeapSize(-Xmx) to 6GB (6144 MB).

But, the Young Generation Heap Size will remain same and the additional HeapSize will be added to the Old Generation Heap Size. To equalize the size of Young Gen Heap and Old Gen Heap, use -XX:NewRatio=1 -XX:-UseAdaptiveSizePolicy params.

java -jar -Xms4096M -Xmx6144M -XX:NewRatio=1 -XX:-UseAdaptiveSizePolicy pathToJarFile.jar

-XX:NewRatio = Old Gen Heap Size : Young Gen HeapSize (You can play with this ratio to get your desired ratio).

Solution 5

It is possible to increase heap size allocated by the JVM in eclipse directly In eclipse IDE goto

Run---->Run Configurations---->Arguments

Enter -Xmx1g(It is used to set the max size like Xmx256m or Xmx1g...... m-->mb g--->gb)

Solution 6

java -d64 -Xms512m -Xmx4g HelloWorld

where, -d64: Will enable 64-bit JVM -Xms512m: Will set initial heap size as 512 MB -Xmx4g: Will set maximum heap size as 4 GB (here java file name is : HelloWorld.java)

Solution 7

Please use below command to change heap size to 6GB

export JAVA_OPTS="-Xms6144m -Xmx6144m -XX:NewSize=256m -XX:MaxNewSize=356m -XX:PermSize=256m -XX:MaxPermSize=356m"

Solution 8

Can I increase the heap memory to 75% of physical memory(6GB Heap).

Yes you can. In fact, you can increase to more than the amount of physical memory, if you want to.

Whether it is a good idea to do this depends on how much else is running on your system. In particular, if the "working set" of the applications and services that are currently running significantly exceeds the available physical memory, your system is liable to "thrash", spending a lot of time moving virtual memory pages to and from disk. The net effect is that the system gets horribly slow.

Solution 9

Several people pointed out the specific answers for heap size with the jvm options of -Xms and -Xms. I want to point out that this is not the only type of memory options for the jvm. Specifically if you are get stack over flows, then you'll want to increase the size of the stack by adding an additional option like -Xss8m.

For this problem, the jvm options of something like -Xms2g -Xmx6g -Xss8m would be a solution.

I'm sharing this information as my google searches on how to increase jvm memory took me to this solution, and the solutions didn't work with high amounts of memory allocation. Once I figured out what the specific settings were for, I was able to google how to increase the stack size and found the missing param. :) Hope this saves others time, as it would of saved me a ton of time. :)

Solution 10

This only works with 64 bit version of Java. Go to Control Panel and click on the Java icon. On the small window of Java Control Panel, click on the Java menu bar and then click on view button.

If you have two Java platforms, disable the previous version of Java, then click on Runtime parameters text field and write -Xmx1024m or less than RAM size. Don't increase heap size equal to RAM otherwise your system will crash.

Solution 11

Yes. You Can.

You can increase your heap memory to 75% of physical memory (6 GB Heap) or higher.

Since You are using 64bit you can increase your heap size to your desired amount. In Case you are using 32bit it is limited to 4GB.

$ java -Xms512m -Xmx6144m JavaApplication

Sets you with initial heap size to 512mb and maximum heapsize to 6GB.

Hope it Helps.. :)

Solution 12

I have problem running the py files in my java code using eclipse/STS, getting PyException due to insufficient jvm heap memory. I have done the changes as mentioned below and I'm able to resolve this issue. Below is my System configuration.

And these are the changes I did in my workspace and voila it runs perfect now.

Solution 13

Here are the steps if someone wants to know how to do this in windows.