c#

multithreading

wpf

backgroundworker

In my application I need to perform a series of initialization steps, these take 7-8 seconds to complete during which my UI becomes unresponsive. To resolve this I perform the initialization in a separate thread:

public void Initialization()
{
    Thread initThread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(InitializationThread));
    initThread.Start();
}

public void InitializationThread()
{
    outputMessage("Initializing...");
    //DO INITIALIZATION
    outputMessage("Initialization Complete");
}

I have read a few articles about the BackgroundWorker and how it should allow me to keep my application responsive without ever having to write a thread to perform lengthy tasks but I haven't had any success trying to implement it, could anyone tell how I would do this using the BackgroundWorker?

Solution 1

  1. Add using
using System.ComponentModel;
  1. Declare Background Worker:
private readonly BackgroundWorker worker = new BackgroundWorker();
  1. Subscribe to events:
worker.DoWork += worker_DoWork;
worker.RunWorkerCompleted += worker_RunWorkerCompleted;
  1. Implement two methods:
private void worker_DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)
{
  // run all background tasks here
}

private void worker_RunWorkerCompleted(object sender, 
                                           RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs e)
{
  //update ui once worker complete his work
}
  1. Run worker async whenever your need.
worker.RunWorkerAsync();
  1. Track progress (optional, but often useful)

    a) subscribe to ProgressChanged event and use ReportProgress(Int32) in DoWork

    b) set worker.WorkerReportsProgress = true; (credits to @zagy)

Solution 2

You may want to also look into using Task instead of background workers.

The easiest way to do this is in your example is Task.Run(InitializationThread);.

There are several benefits to using tasks instead of background workers. For example, the new async/await features in .net 4.5 use Task for threading. Here is some documentation about Task https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/api/system.threading.tasks.task

Solution 3

using System;  
using System.ComponentModel;   
using System.Threading;    
namespace BackGroundWorkerExample  
{   
    class Program  
    {  
        private static BackgroundWorker backgroundWorker;  

        static void Main(string[] args)  
        {  
            backgroundWorker = new BackgroundWorker  
            {  
                WorkerReportsProgress = true,  
                WorkerSupportsCancellation = true  
            };  

            backgroundWorker.DoWork += backgroundWorker_DoWork;  
            //For the display of operation progress to UI.    
            backgroundWorker.ProgressChanged += backgroundWorker_ProgressChanged;  
            //After the completation of operation.    
            backgroundWorker.RunWorkerCompleted += backgroundWorker_RunWorkerCompleted;  
            backgroundWorker.RunWorkerAsync("Press Enter in the next 5 seconds to Cancel operation:");  

            Console.ReadLine();  

            if (backgroundWorker.IsBusy)  
            { 
                backgroundWorker.CancelAsync();  
                Console.ReadLine();  
            }  
        }  

        static void backgroundWorker_DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)  
        {  
            for (int i = 0; i < 200; i++)  
            {  
                if (backgroundWorker.CancellationPending)  
                {  
                    e.Cancel = true;  
                    return;  
                }  

                backgroundWorker.ReportProgress(i);  
                Thread.Sleep(1000);  
                e.Result = 1000;  
            }  
        }  

        static void backgroundWorker_ProgressChanged(object sender, ProgressChangedEventArgs e)  
        {  
            Console.WriteLine("Completed" + e.ProgressPercentage + "%");  
        }  

        static void backgroundWorker_RunWorkerCompleted(object sender, RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs e)  
        {  

            if (e.Cancelled)  
            {  
                Console.WriteLine("Operation Cancelled");  
            }  
            else if (e.Error != null)  
            {  
                Console.WriteLine("Error in Process :" + e.Error);  
            }  
            else  
            {  
                Console.WriteLine("Operation Completed :" + e.Result);  
            }  
        }  
    }  
} 

Also, referr the below link you will understand the concepts of Background:

http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/UploadFile/1c8574/threads-in-wpf/

Solution 4

I found this (WPF Multithreading: Using the BackgroundWorker and Reporting the Progress to the UI. link) to contain the rest of the details which are missing from @Andrew's answer.

The one thing I found very useful was that the worker thread couldn't access the MainWindow's controls (in it's own method), however when using a delegate inside the main windows event handler it was possible.

worker.RunWorkerCompleted += delegate(object s, RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs args)
{
    pd.Close();
    // Get a result from the asynchronous worker
    T t = (t)args.Result
    this.ExampleControl.Text = t.BlaBla;
};