I have to run a local shell script (windows/Linux) on a remote machine.

I have SSH configured on both machine A and B. My script is on machine A which will run some of my code on a remote machine, machine B.

The local and remote computers can be either Windows or Unix based system.

Is there a way to run do this using plink/ssh?

Solution 1

If Machine A is a Windows box, you can use Plink (part of PuTTY) with the -m parameter, and it will execute the local script on the remote server.

plink [email protected] -m local_script.sh

If Machine A is a Unix-based system, you can use:

ssh [email protected] 'bash -s' < local_script.sh

You shouldn't have to copy the script to the remote server to run it.

Solution 2

This is an old question, and Jason's answer works fine, but I would like to add this:

ssh [email protected] <<'ENDSSH'
#commands to run on remote host
ENDSSH

This can also be used with su and commands which require user input. (note the ' escaped heredoc)

Since this answer keeps getting bits of traffic, I would add even more info to this wonderful use of heredoc:

You can nest commands with this syntax, and that's the only way nesting seems to work (in a sane way)

ssh [email protected] <<'ENDSSH'
#commands to run on remote host
ssh [email protected] <<'END2'
# Another bunch of commands on another host
wall <<'ENDWALL'
Error: Out of cheese
ENDWALL
ftp ftp.example.com <<'ENDFTP'
test
test
ls
ENDFTP
END2
ENDSSH

You can actually have a conversation with some services like telnet, ftp, etc. But remember that heredoc just sends the stdin as text, it doesn't wait for response between lines

I just found out that you can indent the insides with tabs if you use <<-END!

ssh [email protected] <<-'ENDSSH'
    #commands to run on remote host
    ssh [email protected] <<-'END2'
        # Another bunch of commands on another host
        wall <<-'ENDWALL'
            Error: Out of cheese
        ENDWALL
        ftp ftp.example.com <<-'ENDFTP'
            test
            test
            ls
        ENDFTP
    END2
ENDSSH

(I think this should work)

Also see http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/here-docs.html

Solution 3

Also, don't forget to escape variables if you want to pick them up from the destination host.

This has caught me out in the past.

For example:

[email protected]> ssh [email protected] "echo \$HOME"

prints out /home/user2

while

[email protected]> ssh [email protected] "echo $HOME"

prints out /home/user

Another example:

[email protected]> ssh [email protected] "echo hello world | awk '{print \$1}'"

prints out "hello" correctly.

Solution 4

This is an extension to YarekT's answer to combine inline remote commands with passing ENV variables from the local machine to the remote host so you can parameterize your scripts on the remote side:

ssh [email protected] ARG1=$ARG1 ARG2=$ARG2 'bash -s' <<'ENDSSH'
  # commands to run on remote host
  echo $ARG1 $ARG2
ENDSSH

I found this exceptionally helpful by keeping it all in one script so it's very readable and maintainable.

Why this works. ssh supports the following syntax:

ssh [email protected] remote_command

In bash we can specify environment variables to define prior to running a command on a single line like so:

ENV_VAR_1='value1' ENV_VAR_2='value2' bash -c 'echo $ENV_VAR_1 $ENV_VAR_2'

That makes it easy to define variables prior to running a command. In this case echo is our command we're running. Everything before echo defines environment variables.

So we combine those two features and YarekT's answer to get:

ssh [email protected] ARG1=$ARG1 ARG2=$ARG2 'bash -s' <<'ENDSSH'...

In this case we are setting ARG1 and ARG2 to local values. Sending everything after [email protected] as the remote_command. When the remote machine executes the command ARG1 and ARG2 are set the local values, thanks to local command line evaluation, which defines environment variables on the remote server, then executes the bash -s command using those variables. Voila.

Solution 5

<hostA_shell_prompt>$ ssh [email protected] "ls -la"

That will prompt you for password, unless you have copied your hostA user's public key to the authorized_keys file on the home of user .ssh's directory. That will allow for passwordless authentication (if accepted as an auth method on the ssh server's configuration)

Solution 6

I've started using Fabric for more sophisticated operations. Fabric requires Python and a couple of other dependencies, but only on the client machine. The server need only be a ssh server. I find this tool to be much more powerful than shell scripts handed off to SSH, and well worth the trouble of getting set up (particularly if you enjoy programming in Python). Fabric handles running scripts on multiple hosts (or hosts of certain roles), helps facilitate idempotent operations (such as adding a line to a config script, but not if it's already there), and allows construction of more complex logic (such as the Python language can provide).

Solution 7

cat ./script.sh | ssh <user>@<host>

Solution 8

Try running ssh [email protected] sh ./script.unx.

Solution 9

chmod +x script.sh    
ssh -i key-file [email protected] < ./script.sh

Solution 10

Assuming you mean you want to do this automatically from a "local" machine, without manually logging into the "remote" machine, you should look into a TCL extension known as Expect, it is designed precisely for this sort of situation. I've also provided a link to a script for logging-in/interacting via SSH.

https://www.nist.gov/services-resources/software/expect

http://bash.cyberciti.biz/security/expect-ssh-login-script/

Solution 11

I use this one to run a shell script on a remote machine (tested on /bin/bash):

ssh [email protected] . /home/deploy/path/to/script.sh

Solution 12

ssh [email protected] ". ~/.bashrc;/cd path-to-file/;. filename.sh"

highly recommended to source the environment file(.bashrc/.bashprofile/.profile). before running something in remote host because target and source hosts environment variables may be deffer.

Solution 13

if you wanna execute command like this temp=`ls -a` echo $temp command in `` will cause errors.

below command will solve this problem ssh [email protected] ''' temp=`ls -a` echo $temp '''

Solution 14

If the script is short and is meant to be embedded inside your script and you are running under bash shell and also bash shell is available on the remote side, you may use declare to transfer local context to remote. Define variables and functions containing the state that will be transferred to the remote. Define a function that will be executed on the remote side. Then inside a here document read by bash -s you can use declare -p to transfer the variable values and use declare -f to transfer function definitions to the remote.

Because declare takes care of the quoting and will be parsed by the remote bash, the variables are properly quoted and functions are properly transferred. You may just write the script locally, usually I do one long function with the work I need to do on the remote side. The context has to be hand-picked, but the following method is "good enough" for any short scripts and is safe - should properly handle all corner cases.

somevar="spaces or other special characters"
somevar2="[email protected]#$%^"
another_func() {
    mkdir -p "$1"
}
work() {
    another_func "$somevar"
    touch "$somevar"/"$somevar2"
}
ssh [email protected] 'bash -s' <<EOT
$(declare -p somevar somevar2)    # transfer variables values
$(declare -f work another_func)   # transfer function definitions
work                              # call the function
EOT

Solution 15

The answer here (https://stackoverflow.com/a/2732991/4752883) works great if you're trying to run a script on a remote linux machine using plink or ssh. It will work if the script has multiple lines on linux.

**However, if you are trying to run a batch script located on a local linux/windows machine and your remote machine is Windows, and it consists of multiple lines using **

plink [email protected] -m local_script.bat

wont work.

Only the first line of the script will be executed. This is probably a limitation of plink.

Solution 1:

To run a multiline batch script (especially if it's relatively simple, consisting of a few lines):

If your original batch script is as follows

cd C:\Users\ipython_user\Desktop 
python filename.py

you can combine the lines together using the "&&" separator as follows in your local_script.bat file: https://stackoverflow.com/a/8055390/4752883:

cd C:\Users\ipython_user\Desktop && python filename.py

After this change, you can then run the script as pointed out here by @JasonR.Coombs: https://stackoverflow.com/a/2732991/4752883 with:

`plink [email protected] -m local_script.bat`

Solution 2:

If your batch script is relatively complicated, it may be better to use a batch script which encapsulates the plink command as well as follows as pointed out here by @Martin https://stackoverflow.com/a/32196999/4752883:

rem Open tunnel in the background
start plink.exe -ssh [username]@[hostname] -L 3307:127.0.0.1:3306 -i "[SSH
key]" -N

rem Wait a second to let Plink establish the tunnel 
timeout /t 1

rem Run the task using the tunnel
"C:\Program Files\R\R-3.2.1\bin\x64\R.exe" CMD BATCH qidash.R

rem Kill the tunnel
taskkill /im plink.exe

Solution 16

This bash script does ssh into a target remote machine, and run some command in the remote machine, do not forget to install expect before running it (on mac brew install expect )

#!/usr/bin/expect
set username "enterusenamehere"
set password "enterpasswordhere"
set hosts "enteripaddressofhosthere"
spawn ssh  $username@$hosts
expect "$username@$hosts's password:"
send -- "$password\n"
expect "$"
send -- "somecommand on target remote machine here\n"
sleep 5
expect "$"
send -- "exit\n"

Solution 17

You can use runoverssh:

sudo apt install runoverssh
runoverssh -s localscript.sh user host1 host2 host3...

-s runs a local script remotely


Useful flags:
-g use a global password for all hosts (single password prompt)
-n use SSH instead of sshpass, useful for public-key authentication

Solution 18

If it's one script it's fine with the above solution.

I would set up Ansible to do the Job. It works in the same way (Ansible uses ssh to execute the scripts on the remote machine for both Unix or Windows).

It will be more structured and maintainable.

Solution 19

It is unclear if the local script uses locally set variables, functions, or aliases.

If it does this should work:

myscript.sh:

#!/bin/bash

myalias $myvar
myfunction $myvar

It uses $myvar, myfunction, and myalias. Let us assume they is set locally and not on the remote machine.

Make a bash function that contains the script:

eval "myfun() { `cat myscript.sh`; }"

Set variable, function, and alias:

myvar=works
alias myalias='echo This alias'
myfunction() { echo This function "[email protected]"; }

And "export" myfun, myfunction, myvar, and myalias to server using env_parallel from GNU Parallel:

env_parallel -S server -N0  --nonall myfun ::: dummy

Solution 20

First, copy the script over to Machine B using scp

[[email protected]]$ scp /path/to/script [email protected]:/home/user/path

Then, just run the script

[[email protected]]$ ssh [email protected] "/home/user/path/script"

This will work if you have given executable permission to the script.