I have an image of postman like below. How can I do the same thing in Retrofit 2?

I've declared the interface like this:

Call<ResponseBody> uploadPrescriptionImage(
        @Query("accessToken") String token,
        @Query("pharmarcyRequestId") int pharmacyRequestedId,
        @Part MultipartBody.Part image);

Solution 1

Observable<ResponseBody> updateProfile(@Part("user_id") RequestBody id,
                                       @Part("full_name") RequestBody fullName,
                                       @Part MultipartBody.Part image,
                                       @Part("other") RequestBody other);

//pass it like this
File file = new File("/storage/emulated/0/Download/Corrections 6.jpg");
RequestBody requestFile =
        RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), file);

// MultipartBody.Part is used to send also the actual file name
MultipartBody.Part body =
        MultipartBody.Part.createFormData("image", file.getName(), requestFile);

// add another part within the multipart request
RequestBody fullName = 
        RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), "Your Name");

service.updateProfile(id, fullName, body, other);

Look at the way I am passing the multipart and string params. Hope this will help you!

Solution 2

For those with an inputStream, you can upload inputStream using Multipart.

suspend fun uploadPicture(
        @Part part: MultipartBody.Part
): NetworkPicture

Then in perhaps your repository class:

suspend fun upload(inputStream: InputStream) {
   val part = MultipartBody.Part.createFormData(
         "pic", "myPic", RequestBody.create(

If your backend does not allow multipart, you can convert the input stream into bytes and send the byte array as the request body, like so.

// In your service
 suspend fun s3Upload(
     @Header("Content-Type") mime: String,
     @Url uploadUrl: String, 
     @Body body: RequestBody 
// In your repository
val body = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("application/octet"), inputStream.readBytes())
networkService.s3Upload(mime, url, body)

To get an input stream you can do something like so.

In your fragment or activity, you need to create an image picker that returns an InputStream. The advantage of an InputStream is that it can be used for files on the cloud like google drive and dropbox.

Call pickImagesLauncher.launch("image/*") from a View.OnClickListener or onOptionsItemSelected. (See Activity Result APIs).

private val pickImagesLauncher =
           registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.GetContent()) { uri ->
                uri?.let {
                    val stream = contentResolver.openInputStream(it)

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {

      btn.setOnClickListener {

Solution 3

Upload Image See Here click This Link

import retrofit2.Retrofit;
import retrofit2.converter.gson.GsonConverterFactory;

class AppConfig {

    private static String BASE_URL = "http://mushtaq.16mb.com/";

    static Retrofit getRetrofit() {

        return new Retrofit.Builder()

import okhttp3.MultipartBody;
import okhttp3.RequestBody;
import retrofit2.Call;
import retrofit2.http.Multipart;
import retrofit2.http.POST;
import retrofit2.http.Part;

interface ApiConfig {
    Call<ServerResponse> uploadFile(@Part MultipartBody.Part file,
                                    @Part("file") RequestBody name);

    Call<ServerResponseKeshav> uploadFile(@Part MultipartBody.Part file,
                                    @Part("file") RequestBody name);*/

    Call<ServerResponse> uploadMulFile(@Part MultipartBody.Part file1,
                                       @Part MultipartBody.Part file2);


Solution 4

I totally agree with @tir38 and @android_griezmann. This would be the version in Kotlin:

interface servicesEndPoint {
fun updateProfile(@Part("user_id") id:RequestBody, @Part("full_name") fullName:RequestBody, @Part image: MultipartBody.Part, @Part("other") other:RequestBody): Single<UploadPhotoResponse>

companion object {
        val API_BASE_URL = "YOUR_URL"

        fun create(): servicesPhotoEndPoint {
            val retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
            return retrofit.create(servicesPhotoEndPoint::class.java)

// Pass it like this
val file = File(RealPathUtils.getRealPathFromURI_API19(context, uri))
val requestFile: RequestBody = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), file)

// MultipartBody.Part is used to send also the actual file name
val body: MultipartBody.Part = MultipartBody.Part.createFormData("image", file.name, requestFile)

// Add another part within the multipart request
val fullName: RequestBody = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), "Your Name")

servicesEndPoint.create().updateProfile(id, fullName, body, fullName)

To obtain the real path, use RealPathUtils. Check this class in the answers of @Harsh Bhavsar in this question: How to get the Full file path from URI.

To getRealPathFromURI_API19, you need permissions of READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE.

Solution 5

Using Retrofit 2.0 you may use this:

    Call<ResponseBody> uploadImage(@Part("file\"; fileName=\"myFile.png\" ")RequestBody requestBodyFile, @Part("image") RequestBody requestBodyJson);

Make a request:

File imgFile = new File("YOUR IMAGE FILE PATH");
RequestBody requestBodyFile = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("image/*"), imgFile);
RequestBody requestBodyJson = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("text/plain"),

//make sync call
Call<ResponseBody> uploadBundle = uploadImpl.uploadImage(requestBodyFile, requestBodyJson);
Response<BaseResponse> response = uploadBundle.execute();

please refer https://square.github.io/retrofit/

Solution 6

Observable<Response<String>> uploadPhoto(@Header("Access-Token") String header, @Part MultipartBody.Part imageFile);

And you can call this api like this:

   public void uploadImage(File file) {
     // create multipart
     RequestBody requestFile = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), file);
    MultipartBody.Part body = MultipartBody.Part.createFormData("image", file.getName(), requestFile);

    // upload

    Observable<Response<String>> observable = api.uploadPhoto("",body);

    // on Response
    subscribeForNetwork(observable, new ApiObserver<Response<String>>() {
        public void onError(Throwable e) {

        public void onResponse(Response<String> response) {

            if (response.code() != 200) {
                Timber.d("error " + response.code());



Solution 7

Retrofit 2.0 solution

public Call<CommonResponse> requestUpdateImage(@PartMap Map<String, RequestBody> map);


    Map<String, RequestBody> params = new HashMap<>();

    params.put("newProfilePicture" + "\"; filename=\"" + FilenameUtils.getName(file.getAbsolutePath()), RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("image/jpg"), file));

 Call<CommonResponse> call = request.requestUpdateImage(params);

you can use
image/jpg image/png image/gif

Solution 8

It is quite easy. Here is the API Interface

public interface Api {

    Call<MyResponse> uploadImage(@Part("image\"; filename=\"myfile.jpg\" ") RequestBody file, @Part("desc") RequestBody desc);


And you can use the following code to make a call.

private void uploadFile(File file, String desc) {

        //creating request body for file
        RequestBody requestFile = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse(getContentResolver().getType(fileUri)), file);
        RequestBody descBody = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("text/plain"), desc);

        //The gson builder
        Gson gson = new GsonBuilder()

        //creating retrofit object
        Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()

        //creating our api 
        Api api = retrofit.create(Api.class);

        //creating a call and calling the upload image method 
        Call<MyResponse> call = api.uploadImage(requestFile, descBody);

        //finally performing the call 
        call.enqueue(new Callback<MyResponse>() {
            public void onResponse(Call<MyResponse> call, Response<MyResponse> response) {
                if (!response.body().error) {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "File Uploaded Successfully...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                } else {
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Some error occurred...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

            public void onFailure(Call<MyResponse> call, Throwable t) {
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), t.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

Source: Retrofit Upload File Tutorial.