I need to be able to start/stop MongoDB on the cli. It is quite simple to start:

./mongod

But to stop mongo DB, I need to run open mongo shell first and then type two commands:

$ ./mongo

use admin

db.shutdownServer()

So I don't know how to stop mongo DB in one line. Any help?

Solution 1

Starting and Stopping MongoDB is covered in the MongoDB manual. It explains the various options of stopping MongoDB through the shell, cli, drivers etc. It also details the risks of incorrectly stopping MongoDB (such as data corruption) and talks about the different kill signals.

Additionally, if you have installed MongoDB using a package manager for Ubuntu or Debian then you can stop mongodb (currently mongod in ubuntu) as follows:

  • Upstart: sudo service mongod stop

  • Sysvinit: sudo /etc/init.d/mongod stop

Or on Mac OS X

Or on Red Hat based systems:

  • service mongod stop

Or on Windows if you have installed as a service named MongoDB:

  • net stop MongoDB

And if not installed as a service (as of Windows 7+) you can run:

  • taskkill /f /im mongod.exe

To learn more about the problems of an unclean shutdown, how to best avoid such a scenario and what to do in the event of an unclean shutdown, please see: Recover Data after an Unexpected Shutdown.

Solution 2

If you literally want a one line equivalent to the commands in your original question, you could alias:

mongo --eval "db.getSiblingDB('admin').shutdownServer()"

Mark's answer on starting and stopping MongoDB via services is the more typical (and recommended) administrative approach.

Solution 3

mongod --dbpath /path/to/your/db --shutdown

More info at official: http://docs.mongodb.org/manual/tutorial/manage-mongodb-processes/

Solution 4

If the server is running as the foreground process in a terminal, this can be done by pressing

Ctrl-C

Another way to cleanly shut down a running server is to use the shutdown command,

> use admin
> db.shutdownServer();

Otherwise, a command like kill can be used to send the signal. If mongod has 10014 as its PID, the command would be

kill -2 10014

Solution 5

I followed the official MongoDB documentation for stopping with signals. One of the following commands can be used (PID represents the Process ID of the mongod process):

kill PID

which sends signal 15 (SIGTERM), or

kill -2 PID

which sends signal 2 (SIGINT).

Warning from MongoDB documentation:
Never use kill -9 (i.e. SIGKILL) to terminate a mongod instance.

If you have more than one instance running or you don't care about the PID, you could use pkill to send the signal to all running mongod processes:

pkill mongod

or

pkill -2 mongod

or, much more safer, only to the processes belonging to you:

pkill -U $USER mongod

or

pkill -2 -U $USER mongod

NOTE: If the DB is running as another user, but you have administrative rights, you have invoke the above commands with sudo, in order to run them. E.g.:

sudo pkill mongod
sudo pkill -2 mongod

PS

Note: I resorted to using signals because mongod --shutdown, although mentioned in the current MongoDB documentation, did not work on my machine (macOS, mongodb v3.4.10, installed with homebrew):

Error parsing command line: unrecognised option '--shutdown'

Update 2022-05-10

meanwhile option --shutdown is marked in the documentation as "Supported on Linux only".

PPS

(macOS specific) Before anyone wonders: no, I could not stop it with command

brew services stop mongodb

because I did not start it with

brew services start mongodb

I had started mongod with a custom command line :-)

Solution 6

Use mongod --shutdown

According to the official doc : manage-mongodb-processes/

:D

Solution 7

create a file called mongostop.bat

save the following code in it

 mongo admin --eval "db.shutdownServer()"

run the file mongostop.bat and you successfully have mongo stopped

Solution 8

My special case is:

previously start mongod by:

sudo -u mongod mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf

now, want to stop mongod.

and refer official doc Stop mongod Processes, has tried:

(1) shutdownServer but failed:

> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.shutdownServer()
2019-03-06T14:13:15.334+0800 E QUERY    [thread1] Error: shutdownServer failed: {
        "ok" : 0,
        "errmsg" : "shutdown must run from localhost when running db without auth",
        "code" : 13
} :
[email protected]/mongo/shell/utils.js:25:13
DB.prototype.shutdownServer@src/mongo/shell/db.js:302:1
@(shell):1:1

(2) --shutdown still failed:

# mongod --shutdown
There doesn't seem to be a server running with dbpath: /data/db

(3) previous start command adding --shutdown:

sudo -u mongod mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf --shutdown
killing process with pid: 30213
failed to kill process: errno:1 Operation not permitted

(4) use service to stop:

service mongod stop

and

service mongod status

show expected Active: inactive (dead) but mongod actually still running, for can see process from ps:

# ps -edaf | grep mongo | grep -v grep
root     30213     1  0 Feb04 ?        03:33:22 mongod --port PORT --dbpath=/var/lib/mongo

and finally, really stop mongod by:

# sudo mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf --shutdown
killing process with pid: 30213

until now, root cause: still unknown ...

hope above solution is useful for your.

Solution 9

One liners to start or stop mongodb service using command line;

  1. To start the service use: NET START MONGODB
  2. To stop the service use: NET STOP MONGODB

I use this myself, it does work.

Solution 10

Building on the answer from stennie:

mongo --eval "db.getSiblingDB('admin').shutdownServer();quit()"

I found that mongo was trying to reconnect to the db after the server shut down, which would cause a delay and error messages. Adding quit() after shutdown speeds it up and reduces the messages, but there is still one.

I also want to add context - I'm starting and stopping mongod as part of test cases for other code, so registering as a service does not fit the use case. I am hoping to end up with something that runs on all platforms (this tested in windows right now). I'm using mongod 3.6.9

Solution 11

From the given commands I think you're on Linux.

Start MongoDB:

$ sudo service mongod start
mongod start/running, process XXXXX 

Check the Status:

$ sudo service mongod status
mongod start/running, process XXXXX 

Stop MongoDB:

$ sudo service mongod stop
mongod stop/waiting 

Solution 12

Using homebrew (recommended way):

To start:

brew services start mongodb-community

To stop:

brew services stop mongodb-community

Solution 13

I simply did:

quit();

Please note I'm using mongo 3.0.

Mongo

Solution 14

in the terminal window on your mac, press control+c

Solution 15

I use this startup script on Ubuntu.

#!/bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:     mongodb
# Required-Sart:
# Required-Stop:
# Default-Start:        2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:         0 1 6
# Short-Description: mongodb
# Description: mongo db server
### END INIT INFO

. /lib/lsb/init-functions

PROGRAM=/opt/mongo/bin/mongod
MONGOPID=`ps -ef | grep 'mongod' | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}'`

test -x $PROGRAM || exit 0

case "$1" in
  start)
     log_begin_msg "Starting MongoDB server"
         ulimit -v unlimited.
         ulimit -n 100000
     /opt/mongo/bin/mongod --fork --quiet --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip 127.0.0.1 --rest   --config /etc/mongod.conf.
     log_end_msg 0
     ;;
  stop)
     log_begin_msg "Stopping MongoDB server"
     if [ ! -z "$MONGOPID" ]; then
kill -15 $MONGOPID
     fi
     log_end_msg 0
     ;;
  status)
     ;;
  *)
     log_success_msg "Usage: /etc/init.d/mongodb {start|stop|status}"
     exit 1
esac

exit 0

Solution 16

Windows

In PowerShell, it's: Stop-Service MongoDB

Then to start it again: Start-Service MongoDB

To verify whether it's started, run: net start | findstr MongoDB.

Note: Above assumes MongoDB is registered as a service.

Solution 17

Kindly take advantage of the Task Manager provided by your OS for a quick and easy solution. Below is the screengrab from/for Windows 10. Right-click on the highlighted process and select stop. Select start, if already stopped.

Please Note: Internally the commands are doing the same thing which you have to do manually using a GUI (Task Manager), provided by Windows/your OS. Though, this approach to be used for study/practice purpose to get started and you won't be blocked due to this.

Solution 18

To start sudo /etc/init.d/mongodb start

To stop sudo /etc/init.d/mongodb stop

Solution 19

CTRL + C

on the windows command line