I have first executed the command: export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib

Then I have opened .bash_profile file: vi ~/.bash_profile. In this file, I put:


Then if the terminal is closed and restarted, typing echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH displays no result.

How to set the path permanently?

Solution 1

You should add more details about your distribution, for example under Ubuntu the right way to do this is to add a custom .conf file to /etc/ld.so.conf.d, for example

sudo gedit /etc/ld.so.conf.d/randomLibs.conf

inside the file you are supposed to write the complete path to the directory that contains all the libraries that you wish to add to the system, for example


remember to add only the path to the dir, not the full path for the file, all the libs inside that path will be automatically indexed.

Save and run sudo ldconfig to update the system with this libs.

Solution 2

Keep the previous path, don't overwrite it:

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/your/custom/path/

You can add it to your ~/.bashrc:

echo 'export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/your/custom/path/' >> ~/.bashrc

Solution 3



to /etc/environment

See the Ubuntu Documentation.

CORRECTION: I should take my own advice and actually read the documentation. It says that this does not apply to LD_LIBRARY_PATH: Since Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope, LD_LIBRARY_PATH cannot be set in $HOME/.profile, /etc/profile, nor /etc/environment files. You must use /etc/ld.so.conf.d/.conf configuration files.* So user1824407's answer is spot on.

Solution 4

Alternatively you can execute program with specified library dir:

/lib/ld-linux.so.2 --library-path PATH EXECUTABLE

Read more here.

Solution 5

The file .bash_profile is only executed by login shells. You may need to put it in ~/.bashrc, or simply logout and login again.

Solution 6

For some reason no one has mentioned the fact that the bashrc needs to be re-sourced after editing. You can either log out and log back in (like mentioned above) but you can also use the commands: source ~/.bashrc or . ~/.bashrc.

Solution 7

Put export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib in ~/.bashrc [preferably towards end of script to avoid any overrides in between, Default ~/.bashrc comes with many if-else statements]

Post that whenever you open a new terminal/konsole, LD_LIBRARY_PATH will be reflected

Solution 8

  1. Go to the home folder and edit .profile
  2. Place the following line at the end

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=<your path>

  3. Save and Exit.

  4. Execute this command

    sudo ldconfig

Solution 9

You could try adding a custom script, say myenv_vars.sh in /etc/profile.d.

cd /etc/profile.d
sudo touch myenv_vars.sh
sudo gedit myenv_vars.sh

Add this to the empty file, and save it.

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib

Logout and login, LD_LIBRARY_PATH will have been set permanently.

Solution 10

I do the following in Mint 15 through 17, also works on ubuntu server 12.04 and above:

sudo vi /etc/bash.bashrc 

scroll to the bottom, and add:


All users have the environment variable added.

Solution 11

In Ubuntu 20.04 Linux this is just not obvious and straight forward as it should be.

I will attempt to make it simple for anyone who is pulling out their hair just like I was with my Ubuntu 20.04.3 Linux.

Start by identifying the path where your library files' folder is located. In my case, the *.so files that I was working with were located in a folder called libs and this folder's path in my Ubuntu box is /usr/lib

So now I want to add the path /usr/lib to LD_LIBRARY_PATH such that when I run echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH in my Ubuntu terminal I will be able to see the path /usr/lib echoed as shown below;

joseph$ echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH

Here are the steps I used

  1. Open terminal in Ubuntu 20.04 Linux box
  2. Change path to /etc/ld.so.conf.d/ by running cd /etc/ld.so.conf.d/
  3. Create a file with a *.conf extension at the end with a text editor like e.g. vim or gedit in my case I created it as follows sudo gedit my_project_libs.conf
  4. Inside the .conf file that I created named my_project_libs.conf I added the path to my libs by adding this line export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/lib
  5. Thereafter, I then run gedit ~/.bash_profile to open the ~/.bash_profile file so that I can add inside it this line export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/lib which includes the path to the folder with my libraries /usr/lib that I want included in LD_LIBRARY_PATH
  6. I also ran gedit ~/.bashrc to open the ~/.bashrc file so that I can add inside it this line export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/lib which includes the path to the folder with my libraries /usr/lib that I want included in LD_LIBRARY_PATH
  7. When you are done adding the line in step 5, save and close.
  8. In your terminal, type the following sudo ldconfig and press enter on your keyboard. Close all your open terminals that you were using then open a new terminal session and run echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH If you see the path you added is echoed back, you did it right.

In my case, this is what I see :/usr/lib when I run echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH in my newly opened Ubuntu terminal session

joseph$ echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH

That's how I got it to work for me in my Ubuntu 20.04.3 Linux box.