php

recursion

directory

zip

directory-structure

Directory is something like:

home/
    file1.html
    file2.html
Another_Dir/
    file8.html
    Sub_Dir/
        file19.html

I am using the same PHP Zip class used in PHPMyAdmin http://trac.seagullproject.org/browser/branches/0.6-bugfix/lib/other/Zip.php . I'm not sure how to zip a directory rather than just a file. Here's what I have so far:

$aFiles = $this->da->getDirTree($target);
/* $aFiles is something like, path => filetime
Array
(
    [home] => 
    [home/file1.html] => 1251280379
    [home/file2.html] => 1251280377
    etc...
)

*/
$zip = & new Zip();
foreach( $aFiles as $fileLocation => $time ){
    $file = $target . "/" . $fileLocation;
    if ( is_file($file) ){
        $buffer = file_get_contents($file);
        $zip->addFile($buffer, $fileLocation);
    }
}
THEN_SOME_PHP_CLASS::toDownloadData($zip); // this bit works ok

but when I try to unzip the corresponding downloaded zip file I get "operation not permitted"

This error only happens when I try to unzip on my mac, when I unzip through the command line the file unzips ok. Do I need to send a specific content type on download, currently 'application/zip'

Solution 1

Here is a simple function that can compress any file or directory recursively, only needs the zip extension to be loaded.

function Zip($source, $destination)
{
    if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
        return false;
    }

    $zip = new ZipArchive();
    if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
        return false;
    }

    $source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));

    if (is_dir($source) === true)
    {
        $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

        foreach ($files as $file)
        {
            $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);

            // Ignore "." and ".." folders
            if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), array('.', '..')) )
                continue;

            $file = realpath($file);

            if (is_dir($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file . '/'));
            }
            else if (is_file($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
            }
        }
    }
    else if (is_file($source) === true)
    {
        $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
    }

    return $zip->close();
}

Call it like this:

Zip('/folder/to/compress/', './compressed.zip');

Solution 2

Yet another recursive directory tree archiving, implemented as an extension to ZipArchive. As a bonus, a single-statement tree compression helper function is included. Optional localname is supported, as in other ZipArchive functions. Error handling code to be added...

class ExtendedZip extends ZipArchive {

    // Member function to add a whole file system subtree to the archive
    public function addTree($dirname, $localname = '') {
        if ($localname)
            $this->addEmptyDir($localname);
        $this->_addTree($dirname, $localname);
    }

    // Internal function, to recurse
    protected function _addTree($dirname, $localname) {
        $dir = opendir($dirname);
        while ($filename = readdir($dir)) {
            // Discard . and ..
            if ($filename == '.' || $filename == '..')
                continue;

            // Proceed according to type
            $path = $dirname . '/' . $filename;
            $localpath = $localname ? ($localname . '/' . $filename) : $filename;
            if (is_dir($path)) {
                // Directory: add & recurse
                $this->addEmptyDir($localpath);
                $this->_addTree($path, $localpath);
            }
            else if (is_file($path)) {
                // File: just add
                $this->addFile($path, $localpath);
            }
        }
        closedir($dir);
    }

    // Helper function
    public static function zipTree($dirname, $zipFilename, $flags = 0, $localname = '') {
        $zip = new self();
        $zip->open($zipFilename, $flags);
        $zip->addTree($dirname, $localname);
        $zip->close();
    }
}

// Example
ExtendedZip::zipTree('/foo/bar', '/tmp/archive.zip', ZipArchive::CREATE);

Solution 3

I've edited Alix Axel's answer to take a third argrument, when setting this third argrument to true all the files will be added under the main directory rather than directly in the zip folder.

If the zip file exists the file will be deleted as well.

Example:

Zip('/path/to/maindirectory','/path/to/compressed.zip',true);

Third argrument true zip structure:

maindirectory
--- file 1
--- file 2
--- subdirectory 1
------ file 3
------ file 4
--- subdirectory 2
------ file 5
------ file 6

Third argrument false or missing zip structure:

file 1
file 2
subdirectory 1
--- file 3
--- file 4
subdirectory 2
--- file 5
--- file 6

Edited code:

function Zip($source, $destination, $include_dir = false)
{

    if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
        return false;
    }

    if (file_exists($destination)) {
        unlink ($destination);
    }

    $zip = new ZipArchive();
    if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
        return false;
    }
    $source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));

    if (is_dir($source) === true)
    {

        $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

        if ($include_dir) {

            $arr = explode("/",$source);
            $maindir = $arr[count($arr)- 1];

            $source = "";
            for ($i=0; $i < count($arr) - 1; $i++) { 
                $source .= '/' . $arr[$i];
            }

            $source = substr($source, 1);

            $zip->addEmptyDir($maindir);

        }

        foreach ($files as $file)
        {
            $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);

            // Ignore "." and ".." folders
            if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), array('.', '..')) )
                continue;

            $file = realpath($file);

            if (is_dir($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file . '/'));
            }
            else if (is_file($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
            }
        }
    }
    else if (is_file($source) === true)
    {
        $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
    }

    return $zip->close();
}

Solution 4

USAGE: thisfile.php?dir=./path/to/folder (After zipping, it starts download too:)

<?php
$exclude_some_files=
array(
        'mainfolder/folder1/filename.php',
        'mainfolder/folder5/otherfile.php'
);

//***************built from https://gist.github.com/ninadsp/6098467 ******
class ModifiedFlxZipArchive extends ZipArchive {
    public function addDirDoo($location, $name , $prohib_filenames=false) {
        if (!file_exists($location)) {  die("maybe file/folder path incorrect");}

        $this->addEmptyDir($name);
        $name .= '/';
        $location.= '/';
        $dir = opendir ($location);   // Read all Files in Dir

        while ($file = readdir($dir)){
            if ($file == '.' || $file == '..') continue;
            if (!in_array($name.$file,$prohib_filenames)){
                if (filetype( $location . $file) == 'dir'){
                    $this->addDirDoo($location . $file, $name . $file,$prohib_filenames );
                }
                else {
                    $this->addFile($location . $file, $name . $file);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public function downld($zip_name){
        ob_get_clean();
        header("Pragma: public");   header("Expires: 0");   header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
        header("Cache-Control: private", false);    header("Content-Type: application/zip");
        header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=" . basename($zip_name) . ";" );
        header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary");
        header("Content-Length: " . filesize($zip_name));
        readfile($zip_name);
    }
}

//set memory limits
set_time_limit(3000);
ini_set('max_execution_time', 3000);
ini_set('memory_limit','100M');
$new_zip_filename='down_zip_file_'.rand(1,1000000).'.zip';  
// Download action
if (isset($_GET['dir']))    {
    $za = new ModifiedFlxZipArchive;
    //create an archive
    if  ($za->open($new_zip_filename, ZipArchive::CREATE)) {
        $za->addDirDoo($_GET['dir'], basename($_GET['dir']), $exclude_some_files); $za->close();
    }else {die('cantttt');}

if (isset($_GET['dir']))    {
    $za = new ModifiedFlxZipArchive;
    //create an archive
    if  ($za->open($new_zip_filename, ZipArchive::CREATE)) {
        $za->addDirDoo($_GET['dir'], basename($_GET['dir']), $exclude_some_files); $za->close();
    }else {die('cantttt');}

    //download archive
    //on the same execution,this made problems in some hostings, so better redirect
    //$za -> downld($new_zip_filename);
    header("location:?fildown=".$new_zip_filename); exit;
}   
if (isset($_GET['fildown'])){
    $za = new ModifiedFlxZipArchive;
    $za -> downld($_GET['fildown']);
}
?>

Solution 5

Try this link <-- MORE SOURCE CODE HERE

/** Include the Pear Library for Zip */
include ('Archive/Zip.php');

/** Create a Zipping Object...
* Name of zip file to be created..
* You can specify the path too */
$obj = new Archive_Zip('test.zip');
/**
* create a file array of Files to be Added in Zip
*/
$files = array('black.gif',
'blue.gif',
);

/**
* creating zip file..if success do something else do something...
* if Error in file creation ..it is either due to permission problem (Solution: give 777 to that folder)
* Or Corruption of File Problem..
*/

if ($obj->create($files)) {
// echo 'Created successfully!';
} else {
//echo 'Error in file creation';
}

?>; // We'll be outputting a ZIP
header('Content-type: application/zip');

// It will be called test.zip
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="test.zip"');

//read a file and send
readfile('test.zip');
?>;

Solution 6

Here Is my code For Zip the folders and its sub folders and its files and make it downloadable in zip Format

function zip()
 {
$source='path/folder'// Path To the folder;
$destination='path/folder/abc.zip'// Path to the file and file name ; 
$include_dir = false;
$archive = 'abc.zip'// File Name ;

if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
    return false;
}

if (file_exists($destination)) {
    unlink ($destination);
}

$zip = new ZipArchive;

if (!$zip->open($archive, ZipArchive::CREATE)) {
    return false;
}
$source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));
if (is_dir($source) === true)
{

    $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

    if ($include_dir) {

        $arr = explode("/",$source);
        $maindir = $arr[count($arr)- 1];

        $source = "";
        for ($i=0; $i < count($arr) - 1; $i++) { 
            $source .= '/' . $arr[$i];
        }

        $source = substr($source, 1);

        $zip->addEmptyDir($maindir);

    }

    foreach ($files as $file)
    {
        $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);

        // Ignore "." and ".." folders
        if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), array('.', '..')) )
            continue;

        $file = realpath($file);

        if (is_dir($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file . '/'));
        }
        else if (is_file($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
        }
    }
}
else if (is_file($source) === true)
{
    $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
}
$zip->close();

header('Content-Type: application/zip');
header('Content-disposition: attachment; filename='.$archive);
header('Content-Length: '.filesize($archive));
readfile($archive);
unlink($archive);
}

If Any Issue With the Code Let Me know.

Solution 7

I needed to run this Zip function in Mac OSX

so I would always zip that annoying .DS_Store.

I adapted https://stackoverflow.com/users/2019515/user2019515 by including additionalIgnore files.

function zipIt($source, $destination, $include_dir = false, $additionalIgnoreFiles = array())
{
    // Ignore "." and ".." folders by default
    $defaultIgnoreFiles = array('.', '..');

    // include more files to ignore
    $ignoreFiles = array_merge($defaultIgnoreFiles, $additionalIgnoreFiles);

    if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
        return false;
    }

    if (file_exists($destination)) {
        unlink ($destination);
    }

    $zip = new ZipArchive();
        if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
        return false;
        }
    $source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));

    if (is_dir($source) === true)
    {

        $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

        if ($include_dir) {

            $arr = explode("/",$source);
            $maindir = $arr[count($arr)- 1];

            $source = "";
            for ($i=0; $i < count($arr) - 1; $i++) { 
                $source .= '/' . $arr[$i];
            }

            $source = substr($source, 1);

            $zip->addEmptyDir($maindir);

        }

        foreach ($files as $file)
        {
            $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);

            // purposely ignore files that are irrelevant
            if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), $ignoreFiles) )
                continue;

            $file = realpath($file);

            if (is_dir($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file . '/'));
            }
            else if (is_file($file) === true)
            {
                $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
            }
        }
    }
    else if (is_file($source) === true)
    {
        $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
    }

    return $zip->close();
}

SO to ignore the .DS_Store from zip, you run

zipIt('/path/to/folder', '/path/to/compressed.zip', false, array('.DS_Store'));

Solution 8

Great solution but for my Windows I need make a modifications. Below the modify code

function Zip($source, $destination){

if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
    return false;
}

$zip = new ZipArchive();
if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
    return false;
}

$source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));

if (is_dir($source) === true)
{
    $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

    foreach ($files as $file)
    {
        $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);

        // Ignore "." and ".." folders
        if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), array('.', '..')) )
            continue;

        if (is_dir($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file));
        }
        else if (is_file($file) === true)
        {

            $str1 = str_replace($source . '/', '', '/'.$file);
            $zip->addFromString($str1, file_get_contents($file));

        }
    }
}
else if (is_file($source) === true)
{
    $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
}

return $zip->close();
}

Solution 9

This code works for both windows and linux.

function Zip($source, $destination)
{
if (!extension_loaded('zip') || !file_exists($source)) {
    return false;
}

$zip = new ZipArchive();
if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
    return false;
}

if (strtoupper(substr(PHP_OS, 0, 3)) === 'WIN') {
    DEFINE('DS', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR); //for windows
} else {
    DEFINE('DS', '/'); //for linux
}


$source = str_replace('\\', DS, realpath($source));

if (is_dir($source) === true)
{
    $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);
    echo $source;
    foreach ($files as $file)
    {
        $file = str_replace('\\',DS, $file);
        // Ignore "." and ".." folders
        if( in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, DS)+1), array('.', '..')) )
            continue;

        $file = realpath($file);

        if (is_dir($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . DS, '', $file . DS));
        }
        else if (is_file($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . DS, '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
        }
        echo $source;
    }
}
else if (is_file($source) === true)
{
    $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
}

return $zip->close();
}

Solution 10

Here's my version base on Alix's, works on Windows and hopefully on *nix too:

function addFolderToZip($source, $destination, $flags = ZIPARCHIVE::OVERWRITE)
{
    $source = realpath($source);
    $destination = realpath($destination);

    if (!file_exists($source)) {
        die("file does not exist: " . $source);
    }

    $zip = new ZipArchive();
    if (!$zip->open($destination, $flags )) {
        die("Cannot open zip archive: " . $destination);
    }

    $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
        new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

    $sourceWithSeparator = $source . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR;
    foreach ($files as $file)
    {
        // Ignore "." and ".." folders
        if(in_array(substr($file,strrpos($file, DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR)+1),array('.', '..')))
            continue;

        if (is_dir($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addEmptyDir(
                str_replace($sourceWithSeparator, '', $file . DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR));
        }
        else if (is_file($file) === true)
        {
            $zip->addFile($file, str_replace($sourceWithSeparator, '', $file));
        }
    }

    return $zip->close();
}

Solution 11

Here is the simple, easy to read, recursive function that works very well:

function zip_r($from, $zip, $base=false) {
    if (!file_exists($from) OR !extension_loaded('zip')) {return false;}
    if (!$base) {$base = $from;}
    $base = trim($base, '/');
    $zip->addEmptyDir($base);
    $dir = opendir($from);
    while (false !== ($file = readdir($dir))) {
        if ($file == '.' OR $file == '..') {continue;}

        if (is_dir($from . '/' . $file)) {
            zip_r($from . '/' . $file, $zip, $base . '/' . $file);
        } else {
            $zip->addFile($from . '/' . $file, $base . '/' . $file);
        }
    }
    return $zip;
}
$from = "/path/to/folder";
$base = "basezipfolder";
$zip = new ZipArchive();
$zip->open('zipfile.zip', ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE);
$zip = zip_r($from, $zip, $base);
$zip->close();

Solution 12

Following @user2019515 answer, I needed to handle exclusions to my archive. here is the resulting function with an example.

Zip Function :

function Zip($source, $destination, $include_dir = false, $exclusions = false){
    // Remove existing archive
    if (file_exists($destination)) {
        unlink ($destination);
    }

    $zip = new ZipArchive();
    if (!$zip->open($destination, ZIPARCHIVE::CREATE)) {
        return false;
    }
    $source = str_replace('\\', '/', realpath($source));
    if (is_dir($source) === true){
        $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($source), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);
        if ($include_dir) {
            $arr = explode("/",$source);
            $maindir = $arr[count($arr)- 1];
            $source = "";
            for ($i=0; $i < count($arr) - 1; $i++) {
                $source .= '/' . $arr[$i];
            }
            $source = substr($source, 1);
            $zip->addEmptyDir($maindir);
        }
        foreach ($files as $file){
            // Ignore "." and ".." folders
            $file = str_replace('\\', '/', $file);
            if(in_array(substr($file, strrpos($file, '/')+1), array('.', '..'))){
                continue;
            }

            // Add Exclusion
            if(($exclusions)&&(is_array($exclusions))){
                if(in_array(str_replace($source.'/', '', $file), $exclusions)){
                    continue;
                }
            }

            $file = realpath($file);
            if (is_dir($file) === true){
                $zip->addEmptyDir(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file . '/'));
            } elseif (is_file($file) === true){
                $zip->addFromString(str_replace($source . '/', '', $file), file_get_contents($file));
            }
        }
    } elseif (is_file($source) === true){
        $zip->addFromString(basename($source), file_get_contents($source));
    }
    return $zip->close();
}

How to use it :

function backup(){
    $backup = 'tmp/backup-'.$this->site['version'].'.zip';
    $exclusions = [];
    // Excluding an entire directory
    $files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator('tmp/'), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);
    foreach ($files as $file){
        array_push($exclusions,$file);
    }
    // Excluding a file
    array_push($exclusions,'config/config.php');
    // Excluding the backup file
    array_push($exclusions,$backup);
    $this->Zip('.',$backup, false, $exclusions);
}