Is there a way to only add attributes to a React component if a certain condition is met?

I'm supposed to add required and readOnly attributes to form elements based on an Ajax call after render, but I can't see how to solve this since readOnly="false" is not the same as omitting the attribute completely.

The example below should explain what I want, but it doesn't work.

(Parse Error: Unexpected identifier)

function MyInput({isRequired}) {
  return <input classname="foo" {isRequired ? "required" : ""} />
}

Solution 1

Apparently, for certain attributes, React is intelligent enough to omit the attribute if the value you pass to it is not truthy. For example:

const InputComponent = function() {
    const required = true;
    const disabled = false;

    return (
        <input type="text" disabled={disabled} required={required} />
    );
}

will result in:

<input type="text" required>

Update: if anyone is curious as to how/why this happens, you can find details in ReactDOM's source code, specifically at lines 30 and 167 of the DOMProperty.js file.

Solution 2

juandemarco's answer is usually correct, but here is another option.

Build an object how you like:

var inputProps = {
  value: 'foo',
  onChange: this.handleChange
};

if (condition) {
  inputProps.disabled = true;
}

Render with spread, optionally passing other props also.

<input
    value="this is overridden by inputProps"
    {...inputProps}
    onChange={overridesInputProps}
 />

Solution 3

Here is an example of using Bootstrap's Button via React-Bootstrap (version 0.32.4):

var condition = true;

return (
  <Button {...(condition ? {bsStyle: 'success'} : {})} />
);

Depending on the condition, either {bsStyle: 'success'} or {} will be returned. The spread operator will then spread the properties of the returned object to Button component. In the falsy case, since no properties exist on the returned object, nothing will be passed to the component.


An alternative way based on Andy Polhill's comment:

var condition = true;

return (
  <Button bsStyle={condition ? 'success' : undefined} />
);

The only small difference is that in the second example the inner component <Button/>'s props object will have a key bsStyle with a value of undefined.

Solution 4

Here is an alternative.

var condition = true;

var props = {
  value: 'foo',
  ...(condition && { disabled: true })
};

var component = <div {...props} />;

Or its inline version

var condition = true;

var component = (
  <div value="foo" {...(condition && { disabled: true })} /> 
);

Solution 5

Here's a way I do it.

With a conditional:

<Label
    {...{
      text: label,
      type,
      ...(tooltip && { tooltip }),
      isRequired: required
    }}
/>

I still prefer using the regular way of passing props down, because it is more readable (in my opinion) in the case of not have any conditionals.

Without a conditional:

<Label text={label} type={type} tooltip={tooltip} isRequired={required} />

Solution 6

Lets say we want to add a custom property (using aria-* or data-*) if a condition is true:

{...this.props.isTrue && {'aria-name' : 'something here'}}

Lets say we want to add a style property if a condition is true:

{...this.props.isTrue && {style : {color: 'red'}}}

Solution 7

You can use the same shortcut, which is used to add/remove (parts of) components ({isVisible && <SomeComponent />}).

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <div someAttribute={someCondition && someValue} />
    );
  }
}

Solution 8

If you use ECMAScript 6, you can simply write like this.

// First, create a wrap object.
const wrap = {
    [variableName]: true
}
// Then, use it
<SomeComponent {...{wrap}} />

Solution 9

This should work, since your state will change after the Ajax call, and the parent component will re-render.

render : function () {
    var item;
    if (this.state.isRequired) {
        item = <MyOwnInput attribute={'whatever'} />
    } else {
        item = <MyOwnInput />
    }
    return (
        <div>
            {item}
        </div>
    );
}

Solution 10

Using undefined works for most properties:

const name = "someName";

return (
    <input name={name ? name : undefined} />
);

Solution 11

For example using property styles for custom container

const DriverSelector = props => {
  const Container = props.container;
  const otherProps = {
    ...( props.containerStyles && { style: props.containerStyles } )
  };

  return (
    <Container {...otherProps} >

Solution 12

  1. For some boolean attributes listed by React [1]:
<input disabled={disabled} />

// renders either `<input>` or `<input disabled>` 
  1. For other attributes:
<div aria-selected= {selected ? "" : undefined} />

// renders either `<div aria-selected></div>` or `<div></div>`

[1] The list of boolean attributes: https://github.com/facebook/react/blob/3f9480f0f5ceb5a32a3751066f0b8e9eae5f1b10/packages/react-dom/src/shared/DOMProperty.js#L318-L345

Solution 13

In React you can conditionally render Components, but also their attributes, like props, className, id, and more.

In React it's very good practice to use the ternary operator which can help you conditionally render Components.

An example also shows how to conditionally render Component and its style attribute.

Here is a simple example:

class App extends React.Component {
  state = {
    isTrue: true
  };

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        {this.state.isTrue ? (
          <button style={{ color: this.state.isTrue ? "red" : "blue" }}>
            I am rendered if TRUE
          </button>
        ) : (
          <button>I am rendered if FALSE</button>
        )}
      </div>
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("root"));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.1.0/react.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.1.0/react-dom.min.js"></script>

<div id="root"></div>

Solution 14

From my point of view the best way to manage multiple conditional props is the props object approach from @brigand. But it can be improved in order to avoid adding one if block for each conditional prop.

The ifVal helper

rename it as you like (iv, condVal, cv, _, ...)

You can define a helper function to return a value, or another, if a condition is met:

// components-helpers.js
export const ifVal = (cond, trueValue=true, falseValue=null) => {
  return cond ? trueValue : falseValue
}

If cond is true (or truthy), the trueValue is returned - or true. If cond is false (or falsy), the falseValue is returned - or null.

These defaults (true and null) are, usually the right values to allow a prop to be passed or not to a React component. You can think to this function as an "improved React ternary operator". Please improve it if you need more control over the returned values.

Let's use it with many props.

Build the (complex) props object

// your-code.js
import { ifVal } from './components-helpers.js'

// BE SURE to replace all true/false with a real condition in you code
// this is just an example

const inputProps = {
  value: 'foo',
  enabled: ifVal(true), // true
  noProp: ifVal(false), // null - ignored by React
  aProp: ifVal(true, 'my value'), // 'my value'
  bProp: ifVal(false, 'the true text', 'the false text') // 'my false value',
  onAction: ifVal(isGuest, handleGuest, handleUser) // it depends on isGuest value
};

 <MyComponent {...inputProps} />

This approach is something similar to the popular way to conditionally manage classes using the classnames utility, but adapted to props.

Why you should use this approach

You'll have a clean and readable syntax, even with many conditional props: every new prop just add a line of code inside the object declaration.

In this way you replace the syntax noise of repeated operators (..., &&, ? :, ...), that can be very annoying when you have many props, with a plain function call.

Our top priority, as developers, is to write the most obvious code that solve a problem. Too many times we solve problems for our ego, adding complexity where it's not required. Our code should be straightforward, for us today, for us tomorrow and for our mates.

just because we can do something doesn't mean we should

I hope this late reply will help.

Solution 15

<input checked={true} type="checkbox"  />

Solution 16

In react functional component you can try something like this to omit unnecessary tag property.

<div className="something" ref={someCondition ? dummyRef : null} />

This works for me if I need to omit tags like ref, class, etc. But I don't know if that's work for every tag property

Solution 17

<Button {...(isWeb3Enabled ? {} : { isExternal: true })}>
    Metamask
</Button>

Solution 18

Considering the post JSX In Depth, you can solve your problem this way:

if (isRequired) {
  return (
    <MyOwnInput name="test" required='required' />
  );
}
return (
    <MyOwnInput name="test" />
);

Solution 19

I think this may be useful for those who would like attribute's value to be a function:

import { RNCamera } from 'react-native-camera';
[...]

export default class MyView extends React.Component {

    _myFunction = (myObject) => {
        console.log(myObject.type); //
    }

    render() {

        var scannerProps = Platform.OS === 'ios' ? 
        {
            onBarCodeRead : this._myFunction
        } 
        : 
        { 
            // here you can add attribute(s) for other platforms
        }

        return (
            // it is just a part of code for MyView's layout
            <RNCamera 
                ref={ref => { this.camera = ref; }}
                style={{ flex: 1, justifyContent: 'flex-end', alignItems: 'center', }}
                type={RNCamera.Constants.Type.back}
                flashMode={RNCamera.Constants.FlashMode.on}
                {...scannerProps}
            />
        );
    }
}

Solution 20

in an easy way

const InputText= ({required = false , disabled = false, ...props}) => 
         (<input type="text" disabled={disabled} required={required} {...props} />);

and use it just like this

<InputText required disabled/>

Solution 21

In React, we pass values to component from parent to child as Props. If the value is false, it will not pass it as props. Also in some situation we can use ternary (conditional operator) also.