I am generally familiar with the technique of flushing a footer using css.

But I am having some trouble getting this approach to work for Twitter bootstrap, most likely due to the fact that Twitter bootstrap is responsive in nature. Using Twitter bootstrap I am not able to get the footer to flush to the bottom of the page using the approach described in the above blog post.

Solution 1

This is now included with Bootstrap 2.2.1.

Bootstrap 3.x

Use the navbar component and add .navbar-fixed-bottom class:

<div class="navbar navbar-fixed-bottom"></div>

Bootstrap 4.x

<div class="navbar fixed-bottom"></div>

Don't forget to add body { padding-bottom: 70px; } or otherwise the page content may be covered.

Docs: http://getbootstrap.com/components/#navbar-fixed-bottom

Solution 2

Found the snippets here works really well for bootstrap

Html:

<div id="wrap">
  <div id="main" class="container clear-top">
    <p>Your content here</p>
  </div>
</div>
<footer class="footer"></footer>

CSS:

html, body {
  height: 100%;
}

#wrap {
  min-height: 100%;
}

#main {
  overflow:auto;
  padding-bottom:150px; /* this needs to be bigger than footer height*/
}

.footer {
  position: relative;
  margin-top: -150px; /* negative value of footer height */
  height: 150px;
  clear:both;
  padding-top:20px;
} 

Solution 3

A working example for Twitter bootstrap NOT STICKY FOOTER

<script>
$(document).ready(function() {

    var docHeight = $(window).height();
    var footerHeight = $('#footer').height();
    var footerTop = $('#footer').position().top + footerHeight;

    if (footerTop < docHeight)
        $('#footer').css('margin-top', 10+ (docHeight - footerTop) + 'px');
});
</script>

Version that always updates in case user opens devtools or resizes window.

<script>
    $(document).ready(function() {
        setInterval(function() {
            var docHeight = $(window).height();
            var footerHeight = $('#footer').height();
            var footerTop = $('#footer').position().top + footerHeight;
            var marginTop = (docHeight - footerTop + 10);

            if (footerTop < docHeight)
                $('#footer').css('margin-top', marginTop + 'px'); // padding of 30 on footer
            else
                $('#footer').css('margin-top', '0px');
            // console.log("docheight: " + docHeight + "\n" + "footerheight: " + footerHeight + "\n" + "footertop: " + footerTop + "\n" + "new docheight: " + $(window).height() + "\n" + "margintop: " + marginTop);
        }, 250);
    });
</script>

You need at least an element with a #footer

When not want the scrollbar if content would fit to screen just change the value of 10 to 0
The scrollbar will show up if content not fits to screen.

Solution 4

For Sticky Footer we use two DIV's in the HTML for basic sticky footer effect. Write like this:

HTML

<div class="container"></div>

<div class="footer"></div>

CSS

body,html {
    height:100%;
}
.container {
    min-height:100%;
}
.footer {
    height:40px;
    margin-top:-40px;
}

Solution 5

Here's how to implement this from the official page:

http://getbootstrap.com/2.3.2/examples/sticky-footer.html

I just tested it right now and it WORKS GREAT! :)

HTML

<body>

    <!-- Part 1: Wrap all page content here -->
    <div id="wrap">

      <!-- Begin page content -->
      <div class="container">
        <div class="page-header">
          <h1>Sticky footer</h1>
        </div>
        <p class="lead">Pin a fixed-height footer to the bottom of the viewport in desktop browsers with this custom HTML and CSS.</p>
      </div>

      <div id="push"></div>
    </div>

    <div id="footer">
      <div class="container">
        <p class="muted credit">Example courtesy <a href="http://martinbean.co.uk">Martin Bean</a> and <a href="http://ryanfait.com/sticky-footer/">Ryan Fait</a>.</p>
      </div>
    </div>
</body>

The relevant CSS code is this:

/* Sticky footer styles
-------------------------------------------------- */
html,
body {
    height: 100%;
    /* The html and body elements cannot have any padding or margin. */
}

/* Wrapper for page content to push down footer */
#wrap {
    min-height: 100%;
    height: auto !important;
    height: 100%;
    /* Negative indent footer by it's height */
    margin: 0 auto -30px;
}

/* Set the fixed height of the footer here */
#push,
#footer {
    height: 30px;
}

#footer {
    background-color: #f5f5f5;
}

/* Lastly, apply responsive CSS fixes as necessary */
@media (max-width: 767px) {
    #footer {
        margin-left: -20px;
        margin-right: -20px;
        padding-left: 20px;
        padding-right: 20px;
    }
}

Solution 6

Much simpler official example: http://getbootstrap.com/examples/sticky-footer-navbar/

html {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100%;
}
body {
  margin-bottom: 60px;
}
.footer {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: #f5f5f5;
}

Solution 7

In the latest version of bootstrap 4.3, this can be done using .fixed-bottom class.

<div class="fixed-bottom"></div>

Here's how I use it with the footer:

<footer class="footer fixed-bottom container">
        <hr>
        <p>&copy; 2017 Company, Inc.</p>
</footer>

You can find more information in the position documentation here.

Solution 8

Use the flex utilities built into Bootstrap 4! Here's what I've come up with using mostly Bootstrap 4 utilities.

<div class="d-flex flex-column" style="min-height: 100vh;">
  <header></header>
  <div class="container flex-grow-1">
    <div>Some Content</div>
  </div>
  <footer></footer>
</div>
  • .d-flex to make the main div a flex container
  • .flex-column on the main div to arrange your flex items in a column
  • min-height: 100vh to the main div, either with a style attribute or in your CSS, to fill the viewport vertically
  • .flex-grow-1 on the container, element to have the main content container take up all the space that remains in the viewport height.

Solution 9

Well I found mix of navbar-inner and navbar-fixed-bottom

<div id="footer">
 <div class="navbar navbar-inner  navbar-fixed-bottom">
    <p class="muted credit"><center>ver 1.0.1</center></p>
 </div>
</div>

It seems good and works for me

See example in Fiddle

Solution 10

Keep the footer at the bottom by using Bootstrap 5


    <div class="min-vh-100 d-flex flex-column 
                justify-content-between">
     
         <div> <!-- Wrapper (Without footer) -->
       
            <header>
             I am a header.
            </header>
      
            <article>
            I am an article!
            </article>
       
        </div> <!-- End: Wrapper (Without footer) -->
     
     
         <footer>
         I am a footer.
         </footer>
     
    </div>


Live Demo in CodePen


Note

  • Make sure that you are wrapping everything in a <div> or any other block-level element with the following Bootstrap classes: min-vh-100, d-flex,flex-column,justify-content-between .

  • Make sure that you are wrapping everything but the footer element in a <div> or any other block-level element.

  • Make sure that you using <footer> or any other block-level element to wrap the footer.

Code Explanation

  • min-vh-100 ensures that the body element will stretch to at least the full height of the screen

  • flex-column keeps the behavior of normal document flow in terms of retaining stacked block elements (which assumes direct children of the body are all indeed block elements).

  • justify-content-between pushes the footer to the bottom of the screen.


Check out how to do the same (Keeping the footer at the bottom) with just CSS - Link

Solution 11

HenryW's answer is good, though I needed a few tweaks to get it working how I wanted. In particular the following also handles:

  • Avoiding the "jumpiness" on page load by first marking invisible and setting visible in javascript
  • Dealing with browser resizes gracefully
  • Additionally setting the footer back up the page if the browser gets smaller and the footer becomes bigger than the page
  • Height function tweaks

Here's what worked for me with those tweaks:

HTML:

<div id="footer" class="invisible">My sweet footer</div>

CSS:

#footer {
    padding-bottom: 30px;
}

JavaScript:

function setFooterStyle() {
    var docHeight = $(window).height();
    var footerHeight = $('#footer').outerHeight();
    var footerTop = $('#footer').position().top + footerHeight;
    if (footerTop < docHeight) {
        $('#footer').css('margin-top', (docHeight - footerTop) + 'px');
    } else {
        $('#footer').css('margin-top', '');
    }
    $('#footer').removeClass('invisible');
}
$(document).ready(function() {
    setFooterStyle();
    window.onresize = setFooterStyle;
});

Solution 12

This worked for me perfectly.

Add this class navbar-fixed-bottom to your footer.

<div class="footer navbar-fixed-bottom">

I used it like this:

<div class="container-fluid footer navbar-fixed-bottom">
<!-- start footer -->
</div>

And it sets to bottom over the the full width.

Edit: This will set footer to always visible, it's something you need to take in consideration.

Solution 13

You need to wrap your .container-fluid div in order for your sticky footer to work, you're also missing some properties on your .wrapper class. Try this:

Remove the padding-top:70px from your body tag and include it in your .container-fluid instead, like so:

.wrapper > .container-fluid {
    padding-top: 70px;
}

We have to do this because pushing the body down to accommodate the navbar ends up pushing the footer a bit further (70px further) past the viewport so we get a scrollbar. We get better results pushing the .container-fluid div instead.

Next we have to remove the .wrapper class outside your .container-fluid div and wrap your #main div with it, like so:

<div class="wrapper">
    <div id="main" class="container-fluid">
        <div class="row-fluid">...</div>
        <div class="push"></div>
    </div>
</div>  

Your footer of course has to be out of the .wrapper div so remove it from the `.wrapper div and place it outside, like so:

<div class="wrapper">
    ....
</div>
<footer class="container-fluid">
    ....
</footer><!--END .row-fluid-->

After thats all done, properly push your footer closer to your .wrapper class by using a negative margin, like so:

.wrapper {
    min-height: 100%;
    height: auto !important; /* ie7 fix */
    height: 100%;
    margin: 0 auto -43px;
}

And that should work, though you're probably going to have to modify a few other things to make it work when the screen is resized, like resetting the height on the .wrapper class, like so:

@media (max-width:480px) {
   .wrapper {
      height:auto;
   }
}

Solution 14

This is the right way to do it with Twitter Bootstrap and the new navbar-fixed-bottom class: (you have no idea how long I spent looking for this)

CSS:

html {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100%;
}
#content {
  padding-bottom: 50px;
}
#footer .navbar{
  position: absolute;
}

HTML:

<html>
  <body>
    <div id="content">...</div>
    <div id="footer">
      <div class="navbar navbar-fixed-bottom">
        <div class="navbar-inner">
          <div class="container">
            <ul class="nav">
              <li><a href="#">Menu 1</a></li>
              <li><a href="#">Menu 2</a></li>
            </ul>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</body>
</html>

Solution 15

Use the navbar component and add .navbar-fixed-bottom class:

<div class="navbar navbar-fixed-bottom"></div>

add body

  { padding-bottom: 70px; }

Solution 16

Bootstrap v4+ solution

Here's a solution that doesn't require rethinking the HTML structure or any additional CSS trickery involving padding:

<html style="height:100%;">
  ...
  <body class="d-flex flex-column h-100">
    ...
    <main class="flex-grow-1">...</main>
    <footer>...</footer>
  </body>
  ...
</html>

Note that this solution allows for footers with flexible heights, which particularly comes in handy when designing pages for multiple screen sizes with content wrapping when shrunk.

Why this works

  • style="height:100%;" makes the <html> tag take the whole space of the document.
  • class d-flex sets display:flex to our <body> tag.
  • class flex-column sets flex-direction:column to our <body> tag. Its children (<header>, <main>, <footer> and any other direct child) are now aligned vertically.
  • class h-100 sets height:100% to our <body> tag, meaning it will cover the entire screen vertically.
  • class flex-grow-1 sets flex-grow:1 to our <main>, effectively instructing it to fill any remaining vertical space, thus amounting to the 100% vertical height we set before on our <body> tag.

Working demo here: https://codepen.io/maxencemaire/pen/VwvyRQB

See https://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/a-guide-to-flexbox/ for more information on flexbox.

Solution 17

to handle width constraint layouts use the following so that you do not get rounded corners, and so that your nav bar will be flush to the sides of the application

<div class="navbar navbar-fixed-bottom">
    <div class="navbar-inner">
        <div class="width-constraint clearfix">
            <p class="pull-left muted credit">YourApp v1.0.0</p>

            <p class="pull-right muted credit">©2013  CONFIDENTIAL ALL RIGHTS RESERVED</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

then you can use css to override the bootstrap classes to adjust height, font, and color

    .navbar-fixed-bottom {
      font-size: 12px;
      line-height: 18px;
    }
    .navbar-fixed-bottom .navbar-inner {
        min-height: 22px;
    }
    .navbar-fixed-bottom .p {
        margin: 2px 0 2px;
    }

Solution 18

You can use jQuery to handle this:

$(function() {
    /**
     * Read the size of the window and reposition the footer at the bottom.
     */
    var stickyFooter = function(){
        var pageHeight = $('html').height();
        var windowHeight = $(window).height();
        var footerHeight = $('footer').outerHeight();

        // A footer with 'fixed-bottom' has the CSS attribute "position: absolute",
        // and thus is outside of its container and counted in $('html').height().
        var totalHeight = $('footer').hasClass('fixed-bottom') ?
            pageHeight + footerHeight : pageHeight;

        // If the window is larger than the content, fix the footer at the bottom.
        if (windowHeight >= totalHeight) {
            return $('footer').addClass('fixed-bottom');
        } else {
            // If the page content is larger than the window, the footer must move.
            return $('footer').removeClass('fixed-bottom');
        }
    };

    // Call when this script is first loaded.
    window.onload = stickyFooter;

    // Call again when the window is resized.
    $(window).resize(function() {
        stickyFooter();
    });
});

Solution 19

The simplest technique is probably to use Bootstrap navbar-static-bottom in conjunction with setting the main container div with height: 100vh (new CSS3 view port percentage). This will flush the footer to the bottom.

<main class="container" style="height: 100vh;">
  some content
</main>      
<footer class="navbar navbar-default navbar-static-bottom">
  <div class="container">
  <p class="navbar-text navbar-left">&copy; Footer4U</p>
  </div>
</footer>

Solution 20

Tested with Bootstrap 3.6.6.

HTML

<div class="container footer navbar-fixed-bottom">
  <footer>
    <!-- your footer content here -->
  </footer>
</div>

CSS

.footer {
  bottom: 0;
  position: absolute;
}

Solution 21

The only one that worked for me!:

html {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100%;
  padding-bottom:90px;
}
body {
  margin-bottom: 90px;
}
footer {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 90px;
}

Solution 22

Per the Bootstrap 4.3 example, in case you're losing your sanity like I did, this is how it actually works:

  • All parents of the footer div need to have height: 100% (h-100 class)
  • The direct parent of the footer needs to have display: flex (d-flex class)
  • The footer needs to have margin-top: auto (mt-auto class)

The problem is that in modern front-end frameworks we often have additional wrappers around these elements.

For example in my case, with Angular, I composed the view from a separate app root, main app component, and footer component - all of which added their custom element to the DOM.

So, to make it work, I had to add classes to these wrapper elements: an additional h-100, moving the d-flex one level down, and moving the mt-auto one level up from the footer (so actually it's not on the footer class anymore, but on my <app-footer> custom element).

Solution 23

#wrap {
min-height: 100%;
height: auto !important;
height: 100%;
width: 100%;
/*Negative indent footer by its height*/
margin: 0 auto -60px;
position: fixed;
left: 0;
top: 0;
}

The footer height matches the size of the bottom indent of the wrap element.

.footer {
position: fixed;
bottom: 0;
left: 0;
right: 0;
height: 60px;
}

Solution 24

Keep it simple.

footer {
  bottom: 0;
  position: absolute;
}

You may need to also offset the height of the footer by adding a margin-bottom equivalent to the footer height to the body.

Solution 25

Here's a solution for the newest version of Bootstrap (4.3 at time of writing) using Flexbox.

HTML:

<div class="wrapper">
  <div class="content">
    <p>Content goes here</p>
  </div>
</div>
<footer class="footer"></footer>

CSS:

html, body {
  height: 100%;
}

body {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
}

.wrapper {
  flex-grow: 1;
}

And a codepen example: https://codepen.io/tillytoby/pen/QPdomR

Solution 26

Use this piece of code in bootstrap it's works

<div class="navbar fixed-bottom">
<div class="container">
 <p class="muted credit">Footer <a href="http://google.com">Link</a> and <a 
href="http://google.com/">link</a>.</p>
 </div>
 </div>

Solution 27

It looks like the height:100% 'chain' is being broken at div#main. Try adding height:100% to it and that may get you closer to your goal.

Solution 28

Here you'll find the approach in HAML ( http://haml.info ) with navbar on top and footer at the bottom of the page:

%body
  #main{:role => "main"}
    %header.navbar.navbar-fixed-top
      %nav.navbar-inner
        .container
          /HEADER
      .container
        /BODY
    %footer.navbar.navbar-fixed-bottom
      .container
        .row
          /FOOTER

Solution 29

Here is an example using css3:

CSS:

html, body {
    height: 100%;
    margin: 0;
}
#wrap {
    padding: 10px;
    min-height: -webkit-calc(100% - 100px);     /* Chrome */
    min-height: -moz-calc(100% - 100px);     /* Firefox */
    min-height: calc(100% - 100px);     /* native */
}
.footer {
    position: relative;
    clear:both;
}

HTML:

<div id="wrap">
    <div class="container clear-top">
       body content....
    </div>
</div>
<footer class="footer">
    footer content....
</footer>

fiddle

Solution 30

This is how bootstrap does it:

http://getbootstrap.com/2.3.2/examples/sticky-footer.html

Just use page source and you should be able to see. Don' forget the <div id="wrap"> an the top.