Using C#, is there a better way to convert a Windows Bitmap to a byte[] than saving to a temporary file and reading the result using a FileStream?

Solution 1

There are a couple ways.

ImageConverter

public static byte[] ImageToByte(Image img)
{
    ImageConverter converter = new ImageConverter();
    return (byte[])converter.ConvertTo(img, typeof(byte[]));
}

This one is convenient because it doesn't require a lot of code.

Memory Stream

public static byte[] ImageToByte2(Image img)
{
    using (var stream = new MemoryStream())
    {
        img.Save(stream, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Png);
        return stream.ToArray();
    }
}

This one is equivalent to what you are doing, except the file is saved to memory instead of to disk. Although more code you have the option of ImageFormat and it can be easily modified between saving to memory or disk.

Source: http://www.vcskicks.com/image-to-byte.php

Solution 2

A MemoryStream can be helpful for this. You could put it in an extension method:

public static class ImageExtensions
{
    public static byte[] ToByteArray(this Image image, ImageFormat format)
    {
        using(MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            image.Save(ms, format);
            return ms.ToArray();
        }
    }
}

You could just use it like:

var image = new Bitmap(10, 10);
// Draw your image
byte[] arr = image.ToByteArray(ImageFormat.Bmp);

I partially disagree with prestomanifto's answer in regards to the ImageConverter. Do not use ImageConverter. There's nothing technically wrong with it, but simply the fact that it uses boxing/unboxing from object tells me it's code from the old dark places of the .NET framework and its not ideal to use with image processing (it's overkill for converting to a byte[] at least), especially when you consider the following.

I took a look at the ImageConverter code used by the .Net framework, and internally it uses code almost identical to the one I provided above. It creates a new MemoryStream, saves the Bitmap in whatever format it was in when you provided it, and returns the array. Skip the extra overhead of creating an ImageConverter class by using MemoryStream

Solution 3

You can also just Marshal.Copy the bitmap data. No intermediary memorystream etc. and a fast memory copy. This should work on both 24-bit and 32-bit bitmaps.

public static byte[] BitmapToByteArray(Bitmap bitmap)
{

    BitmapData bmpdata = null;

    try
    {
        bmpdata = bitmap.LockBits(new Rectangle(0, 0, bitmap.Width, bitmap.Height), ImageLockMode.ReadOnly, bitmap.PixelFormat);
        int numbytes = bmpdata.Stride * bitmap.Height;
        byte[] bytedata = new byte[numbytes];
        IntPtr ptr = bmpdata.Scan0;

        Marshal.Copy(ptr, bytedata, 0, numbytes);

        return bytedata;
    }
    finally
    {
        if (bmpdata != null)
            bitmap.UnlockBits(bmpdata);
    }

}

.

Solution 4

Save the Image to a MemoryStream and then grab the byte array.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms142148.aspx

  Byte[] data;

  using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
  {
    image.Save(memoryStream, ImageFormat.Bmp);

    data = memoryStream.ToArray();
  }

Solution 5

Use a MemoryStream instead of a FileStream, like this:

MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();
bmp.Save (ms, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
byte[] bmpBytes = ms.ToArray();

Solution 6

More simple:

return (byte[])System.ComponentModel.TypeDescriptor.GetConverter(pImagen).ConvertTo(pImagen, typeof(byte[]))

Solution 7

Try the following:

MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream();
Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap();
bitmap.Save(stream, ImageFormat.Jpeg);

byte[] byteArray = stream.GetBuffer();

Make sure you are using:

System.Drawing & using System.Drawing.Imaging;

Solution 8

I believe you may simply do:

ImageConverter converter = new ImageConverter();
var bytes = (byte[])converter.ConvertTo(img, typeof(byte[]));

Solution 9

MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();
yourBitmap.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Bmp);
byte[] bitmapData = ms.ToArray();

Solution 10

Very simple use this just in one line:

byte[] imgdata = File.ReadAllBytes(@"C:\download.png");