arrays

php

unique

I have two arrays like this:

array( 
'11' => '11',
'22' => '22',
'33' => '33',
'44' => '44'
);

array( 
'44' => '44',
'55' => '55',
'66' => '66',
'77' => '77'
);

I want to combine these two array such that it does not contains duplicate and as well as keep their original keys. For example output should be:

array( 
'11' => '11',
'22' => '22',
'33' => '33',
'44' => '44',
'55' => '55',
'66' => '66',
'77' => '77'
);

I have tried this but it is changing their original keys:

$output = array_unique( array_merge( $array1 , $array2 ) );

Any solution?

Solution 1

Just use:

$output = array_merge($array1, $array2);

That should solve it. Because you use string keys if one key occurs more than one time (like '44' in your example) one key will overwrite preceding ones with the same name. Because in your case they both have the same value anyway it doesn't matter and it will also remove duplicates.

Update: I just realised, that PHP treats the numeric string-keys as numbers (integers) and so will behave like this, what means, that it renumbers the keys too...

A workaround is to recreate the keys.

$output = array_combine($output, $output);

Update 2: I always forget, that there is also an operator (in bold, because this is really what you are looking for! :D)

$output = $array1 + $array2;

All of this can be seen in: http://php.net/manual/en/function.array-merge.php

Solution 2

You should take to consideration that $array1 + $array2 != $array2 + $array1

$array1 = array(
'11' => 'x1',
'22' => 'x1' 
);  

$array2 = array(
'22' => 'x2',
'33' => 'x2' 
);

with $array1 + $array2

$array1 + $array2 = array(
'11' => 'x1',
'22' => 'x1',
'33' => 'x2'
);

and with $array2 + $array1

$array2 + $array1 = array(  
'11' => 'x1',  
'22' => 'x2',  
'33' => 'x2'  
);

Solution 3

This works:

$output = $array1 + $array2;

Solution 4

The new way of doing it with php7.4 is Spread operator [...]

$parts = ['apple', 'pear'];
$fruits = ['banana', 'orange', ...$parts, 'watermelon'];
var_dump($fruits);

Spread operator should have better performance than array_merge

A significant advantage of Spread operator is that it supports any traversable objects, while the array_merge function only supports arrays.

Solution 5

To do this, you can loop through one and append to the other:

<?php

$test1 = array( 
'11' => '11',
'22' => '22',
'33' => '33',
'44' => '44'
);

$test2 = array( 
'44' => '44',
'55' => '55',
'66' => '66',
'77' => '77'
);


function combineWithKeys($array1, $array2)
{
    foreach($array1 as $key=>$value) $array2[$key] = $value;
    asort($array2);
    return $array2;
} 

print_r(combineWithKeys($test1, $test2));

?>

UPDATE: KingCrunch came up with the best solution: print_r($array1+$array2);

Solution 6

If you are using PHP 7.4 or above, you can use the spread operator ... as the following examples from the PHP Docs:

$arr1 = [1, 2, 3];
$arr2 = [...$arr1]; //[1, 2, 3]
$arr3 = [0, ...$arr1]; //[0, 1, 2, 3]
$arr4 = array(...$arr1, ...$arr2, 111); //[1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 111]
$arr5 = [...$arr1, ...$arr1]; //[1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3]

function getArr() {
  return ['a', 'b'];
}
$arr6 = [...getArr(), 'c']; //['a', 'b', 'c']

$arr7 = [...new ArrayIterator(['a', 'b', 'c'])]; //['a', 'b', 'c']

function arrGen() {
    for($i = 11; $i < 15; $i++) {
        yield $i;
    }
}
$arr8 = [...arrGen()]; //[11, 12, 13, 14]

It works like in JavaScript ES6.

See more on https://wiki.php.net/rfc/spread_operator_for_array.

Solution 7

This works:

$a = array(1 => 1, 2 => 2, 3 => 3);
$b = array(4 => 4, 5 => 5, 6 => 6);
$c = $a + $b;
print_r($c);

Solution 8

Warning! $array1 + $array2 overwrites keys, so my solution (for multidimensional arrays) is to use array_unique()

array_unique(array_merge($a, $b), SORT_REGULAR);

Notice:

5.2.10+ Changed the default value of sort_flags back to SORT_STRING.

5.2.9 Default is SORT_REGULAR.

5.2.8- Default is SORT_STRING

It perfectly works. Hope it helps same.

Solution 9

https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.array-merge.php

<?php
$array1 = array("color" => "red", 2, 4);
$array2 = array("a", "b", "color" => "green", "shape" => "trapezoid", 4);
$result = array_merge($array1, $array2);
print_r($result);
?>