I have the following code:

<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell colspan2">Cell</div>
    </div>
</div>

<style>
    .table {
        display: table;
    }
    .row {
        display: table-row;
    }
    .cell {
        display: table-cell;
    }
    .colspan2 {
        /* What to do here? */
    }
</style>

Pretty straightforward. How do I add a colspan (or the equivalent of colspan) for elements with display: table-cell?

Solution 1

As far as I know, the lack of colspan/rowspan is just one of the limitations of display:table. See this post:

http://www.onenaught.com/posts/201/use-css-displaytable-for-layout

Solution 2

Since OP does not explicitly rule that solution must be pure CSS, I'll be stubborn and throw in my workaround I figured out today, especially since it's much more elegant than having a table inside a table.

Example equals to <table> with two cells per row and two rows, where the cell in the second row is a td with colspan="2".

I have tested this with Iceweasel 20, Firefox 23 and IE 10.

div.table {
  display: table;
  width: 100px;
  background-color: lightblue;
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border: 1px solid red;
}

div.row {
  display: table-row;
}

div.cell {
  display: table-cell;
  border: 1px solid red;
}

div.colspan,
div.colspan+div.cell {
  border: 0;
}

div.colspan>div {
  width: 1px;
}

div.colspan>div>div {
  position: relative;
  width: 99px;
  overflow: hidden;
}
<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">cell 1</div>
        <div class="cell">cell 2</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell colspan">
            <div><div>
                cell 3
            </div></div>
        </div>
        <div class="cell"></div>
    </div>
</div>

Live action (demo) here.

EDIT: I finetuned the code to be more printer-friendly, as they leave background-colors out by default. I also created rowspan-demo, inspired by late answer here.

Solution 3

A simpler solution that works for me in Chrome 30 :

Colspan can be emulated by using display: table instead of display: table-row for the rows :

.table {
    display: block;
}
.row {
    display: table;
    width: 100%;
}
.cell {
    display: table-cell;
}
.row.colspan2 {/* You'll have to add the 'colspan2' class to the row, and remove the unused <div class=cell> inside it */
    display: block;
}

The only pitfall is that the cells of stacked rows won't align vertically, as they're from different tables.

Solution 4

If you're looking for a straight CSS way to simulate a colspan, you could use display: table-caption.

.table {
  display: table;
}
.row {
  display: table-row;
}
.cell {
  display: table-cell;
  border: 1px solid #000;
}
.colspan2 {
  /* What to do here? */
  display: table-caption;
}
<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell colspan2">Cell</div>
    </div>
</div>

Solution 5

Simply use a table.

table's are only frowned upon when being used for layout purposes.

This seems like tabular data (rows/columns of data). Therefore I would recommend using a table.

See my answer to this question for more information:

creating the same thing with divs as tables

Solution 6

Here's one way to span columns in CSS I used for my own situation.

https://jsfiddle.net/mb8npttu/

.table {
  display: table;
}

.row {
  display: table-row;
}

.cell {
  display: table-cell;
  border: 1px dotted red;
}

.colspan {
  max-width: 1px;
  overflow: visible;
}
<div class='table'>
  <div class='row'>
    <div class='cell colspan'>
      spanning
    </div>
    <div class='cell'></div>
    <div class='cell'></div>
  </div>

  <div class='row'>
    <div class='cell'>1</div>
    <div class='cell'>2</div>
    <div class='cell'>3</div>
  </div>
</div>

Solution 7

There is a solution to make the colspan the widht of the entire table. You can not use this technique to colspan a part of the table.

Code:

* {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

.table {
  display: table;
  position: relative;
}

.row {
  display: table-row;
}

.cell {
  display: table-cell;
  border: 1px solid red;
  padding: 5px;
  text-align: center;
}

.colspan {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
}

.dummycell {
  border-color: transparent;
}
<div class="table">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell dummycell">&nbsp;</div>
    <div class="cell colspan">Cell</div>
  </div>
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
  </div>
</div>

Explanation:

We use position absolute on the colspan to make it the full width of the table. The table itself needs position relative. We make use of a dummycell to maintain the height of the rows, position absolute does not follow the flow of the document.

Of course you can also use flexbox and grid to tackle this problem these days.

Solution 8

CSS

.tablewrapper {
  position: relative;
}
.table {
  display: table;
  position: relative
}
.row {
  display: table-row;
}
.cell {
  border: 1px solid red;
  display: table-cell;
}
.cell.empty
{
  border: none;
  width: 100px;
}
.cell.rowspanned {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 100px;
}
.cell.colspan {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
}

HTML

<div class="tablewrapper">
  <div class="table">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="cell rowspanned">
        Center
      </div>
      <div class="cell">
        Top right
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="cell empty"></div>
      <div class="cell colspan">
        Bottom right
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Code

Solution 9

It can be done just with pure CSS and centering the text across the "fake" colspan.

The trick is to set the rows to position:relative, then to place "empty divs" in the row where you want to make the colspan (they must have height in order to work), set the cell where the content is in as display:grid, and finally, applying position:absolute to the element inside the cell (and center it as you may center any other absolute element).

 .table {
        display: table;
  }
  .row {
      display: table-row;
      position: relative;
  }
  .cell {
      display: table-cell;
      background-color: blue;
      color: white;
      height: 26px;
      padding: 0 8px;
  } 
  .colspan2 {
      display: grid;
  }
  .colspan2 p {
    position:absolute;
    left: 50%;
    transform:translateX(-50%);
    margin: 0;
  }
<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell colspan2"><p>Cell</p></div>
        <div class="cell"></div>
    </div>
</div>

Solution 10

By using the appropriate div classes and CSS attributes, you can mimic the desired effects of the colspan and rowspan.

Here's the CSS

.table {
    display:table;
}

.row {
    display:table-row;
}

.cell {
    display:table-cell;
    padding: 5px;
    vertical-align: middle;
}

Here's the sample HTML

<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">
            <div class="table">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="cell">X</div>
                    <div class="cell">Y</div>
                    <div class="cell">Z</div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="cell">2</div>
                    <div class="cell">4</div>
                    <div class="cell">6</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="cell">
            <div class="table">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="cell">
                        <div class="table">
                            <div class="row">
                                <div class="cell">A</div>
                            </div>
                            <div class="row">
                                <div class="cell">B</div>
                            </div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="cell">
                        ROW SPAN
                    </div>    
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>    

From what I'm seeing in both the questions, and most responses, is people seem to forget that in any given div that's acting as a "table-cell" you can insert another div that's acting like an embedded table, and start the process over.

***It's not glamorous, but it does work for those looking for this type of formatting and they want to avoid the TABLEs. If its for DATA LAYOUT, TABLEs do still work in HTML5.

Hopefully, this will help someone.

Solution 11

You can set the position of colspan content as "relative" and the row as "absolute" like this:

.table {
    display: table;
}
.row {
    display: table-row;
    position: relative;
}
.cell {
    display: table-cell;
}
.colspan2 {
    position: absolute;
    width: 100%;
}

Solution 12

You can't achieve this at present.

AFAIK this would be covered by CSS Tables, a specification which appears to currently be at "work in progress" state.

Solution 13

You can try this solution, where you can find how to apply colspan using div https://codepen.io/pkachhia/pen/JyWMxY

HTML:

<div class="div_format">
            <div class="divTable">
                <div class="divTableBody">
                    <div class="divTableRow">
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Project Name</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: Testing Project</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Project Type</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: Web application</div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="divTableRow">
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Version</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: 1.0.0</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Start Time</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: 2016-07-10 11:00:21</div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="divTableRow">
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Document Version</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: 2.0.0</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">End Time</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: 2017-07-10 11:00:23</div>
                    </div>
                    <div class="divTableRow">
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Document Revision</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value">: 3</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_lable">Overall Result</div>
                        <div class="divTableCell cell_value txt_bold txt_success">: Passed</div>
                    </div>                          
                </div>
                <div class="divCaptionRow">
                    <div class="divCaptionlabel">Description</div>
                    <div class="divCaptionValue">: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>

CSS:

body {
                font-family: arial
            }
            * {
                -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
                -moz-box-sizing: border-box;
                box-sizing: border-box
            }
            .div_format {
                width: 100%;
                display: inline-block;
                position: relative
            }           
            .divTable {
                display: table;
                width: 100%;            
            }
            .divTableRow {
                display: table-row
            }
            .divTableHeading {
                background-color: #EEE;
                display: table-header-group
            }
            .divTableCell,
            .divTableHead {
                display: table-cell;
                padding: 10px
            }
            .divTableHeading {
                background-color: #EEE;
                display: table-header-group;
                font-weight: bold
            }
            .divTableFoot {
                background-color: #EEE;
                display: table-footer-group;
                font-weight: bold
            }
            .divTableBody {
                display: table-row-group
            }
            .divCaptionRow{
                display: table-caption;
                caption-side: bottom;
                width: 100%;
            }
            .divCaptionlabel{
                caption-side: bottom;
                display: inline-block;
                background: #ccc;
                padding: 10px;
                width: 15.6%;
                margin-left: 10px;
                color: #727272;
            }
            .divCaptionValue{
                float: right;
                width: 83%;
                padding: 10px 1px;
                border-bottom: 1px solid #dddddd;
                border-right: 10px solid #fff;
                color: #5f5f5f;
                text-align: left;
            }

            .cell_lable {
                background: #d0d0d0;
                border-bottom: 1px solid #ffffff;
                border-left: 10px solid #ffffff;
                border-right: 10px solid #fff;
                width: 15%;
                color: #727272;
            }
            .cell_value {
                border-bottom: 1px solid #dddddd;
                width: 30%;
                border-right: 10px solid #fff;   
                color: #5f5f5f;
            }

Solution 14

Use nested tables to nest column spans...

<div class="table">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">
      <div class="table">
        <div class="row">
          <div class="cell">Cell</div>
          <div class="cell">Cell</div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
  </div>
</div>

Or use 2 tables where the column span covers the whole row...

<div class="table">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="table">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="cell">Cell</div>
  </div>
</div>

Solution 15

Even if this is an old question, I would like to share my solution to this problem.

<div class="table">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
        <div class="cell">Cell</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="cell colspan">
            <div class="spanned-content">Cell</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<style>
    .table {
        display: table;
    }
    .row {
        display: table-row;
    }
    .cell {
        display: table-cell;
    }
    .colspan:after {
        /* What to do here? */
        content: "c";
        display: inline;
        visibility: hidden;
    }
    .spanned-content {
        position: absolute;
    }
</style>

Here is a fiddle. It's not really a span, and the solution is a bit hacky, but it is usefull in some situations. Tested on Chrome 46, Firefox 31 and IE 11.

In my case, I had to present some non-tabular data in a tabular way, keeping the width of the columns and giving title to sub-sections of the data.