android

android-6.0-marshmallow

When I have a target API of 23 on Android M Preview 3, I cannot seem to acquire the Manifest.permission.WRITE_SETTTINGS permission.

requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS}, 101);

Request permission doesn't bring up the dialog I would expect, but if I make the following call without this permission,

 RingtoneManager.setActualDefaultRingtoneUri(activity, RingtoneManager.TYPE_RINGTONE, ringUri);

The call will except because I don't have the permission.

I'm not sure where to go from here. Is there a new ringtone API for 23? Or did this permission change just make it impossible for any non-system apps to change the ringtone?

Solution 1

To use WRITE_SETTINGS, based on the docs:

  1. Have the <uses-permission> element in the manifest as normal.

  2. Call Settings.System.canWrite() to see if you are eligible to write out settings.

  3. If canWrite() returns false, start up the ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS activity so the user can agree there to allow your app to actually write to settings.

In other words, writing to settings is now a double-opt-in (agree to install, agree separately in Settings to allow), akin to device admin APIs, accessibility services, etc.

Also note that I have not tried using these yet this is based on research that I did yesterday on Android 6.0 changes.

Solution 2

In addition to the answer from CommonsWare and the comment from Ogix, here is some dummy code:

private boolean checkSystemWritePermission() {
    boolean retVal = true;
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        retVal = Settings.System.canWrite(this);
        Log.d(TAG, "Can Write Settings: " + retVal);
        if(retVal){
            Toast.makeText(this, "Write allowed :-)", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }else{
            Toast.makeText(this, "Write not allowed :-(", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            FragmentManager fm = getFragmentManager();
            PopupWritePermission dialogFragment = new PopupWritePermission();
            dialogFragment.show(fm, getString(R.string.popup_writesettings_title));
        }
    }
    return retVal;
}

The Fragment PopupwritePermission then gives a window where the situation is explained. A click on the OK Button will open the Android System Menu where the Permission can be granted:

private void openAndroidPermissionsMenu() {
    Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS);
    intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + getActivity().getPackageName()));
    startActivity(intent);
}

Solution 3

The previous answers are great, I have just little addition for also getting the result for the permission asking.

 public static void youDesirePermissionCode(Activity context){
        boolean permission;
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            permission = Settings.System.canWrite(context);
        } else {
            permission = ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED;
        }
        if (permission) {
            //do your code
        }  else {
            if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS);
                intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + context.getPackageName()));
                context.startActivityForResult(intent, MainActivity.CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION);
            } else {
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(context, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS}, MainActivity.CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION);
            }
        }
    }

And then in the Activity:

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        if (requestCode == MainActivity.CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION && Settings.System.canWrite(this)){
            Log.d("TAG", "MainActivity.CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION success");
            //do your code
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        if (requestCode == MainActivity.CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            //do your code
        }
    }

Solution 4

This is a complete example:

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
    if (Settings.System.canWrite(context) {
        // Do stuff here
    }
    else {
        Intent intent = new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS);
        intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + getActivity().getPackageName()));
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        startActivity(intent);
    }
}

Solution 5

As of android Marshmellow , you require to use runtime permissions which aims to more security , or use permission when need here is documenatation

and for Write Settings documentation is here

In manifest add

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS" />

In your class

private boolean checkSystemWritePermission() {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        if(Settings.System.canWrite(context))
            return true;
        else 
            openAndroidPermissionsMenu();
    }
    return false;
}

private void openAndroidPermissionsMenu() {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS);
        intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + context.getPackageName()));
        context.startActivity(intent);
    }
}

And use it like this

try {
       if (checkSystemWritePermission()) {
            RingtoneManager.setActualDefaultRingtoneUri(context, RingtoneManager.TYPE_RINGTONE, newUri);
            Toast.makeText(context, "Set as ringtoon successfully ", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }else {
                Toast.makeText(context, "Allow modify system settings ==> ON ", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.i("ringtoon",e.toString());
            Toast.makeText(context, "unable to set as Ringtoon ", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }

Solution 6

The permission android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS is now in the group signature|appop|pre23|preinstalled like android.permission.CHANGE_NETWORK_STATE and android.permission.SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW

This means you get it on sdk 22 and below. On newer version you have to be an app operator.

Solution 7

I have used bellow like..

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        boolean retVal = true;
        retVal = Settings.System.canWrite(this);
        if (retVal == false) {
            if (!Settings.System.canWrite(getApplicationContext())) {

                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS, Uri.parse("package:" + getPackageName()));
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Please, allow system settings for automatic logout ", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                startActivityForResult(intent, 200);
            }
        }else {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "You are not allowed to wright ", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }
    }

Manifest permission

<uses-permission  android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS" tools:ignore="ProtectedPermissions" />

Solution 8

Mention below permission in AndroidManifest.xml

In Activity use below if else for changing setting.

if(Settings.System.canWrite(this)){
    // change setting here
}
else{
    //Migrate to Setting write permission screen. 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS);
    intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + mContext.getPackageName()));
    startActivity(intent);
}

Solution 9

Kotlin Version in Simple Steps

Follow these steps:

1. Add the permission's usage element in the manifest.xml normally:

<uses-permission
    android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS"
    tools:ignore="ProtectedPermissions" />

2. Where you want to change the settings, check the write access:

if (context.canWriteSettings) {
    // change the settings here ...
} else {
    startManageWriteSettingsPermission()
}

3. Also add these lines of code in case of requesting the permission:

private fun startManageWriteSettingsPermission() {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        Intent(
            Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS,
            Uri.parse("package:${context.packageName}")
        ).let {
            startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION)
        }
    }
}

override fun onActivityResult(requestCode: Int, resultCode: Int, data: Intent?) {
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data)

    when (requestCode) {
        REQUEST_CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION -> {
            if (context.canWriteSettings) {
                // change the settings here ...
            } else {
                Toast.makeText(context, "Write settings permission is not granted!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            }
        }
    }
}

val Context.canWriteSettings: Boolean
    get() = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.M || Settings.System.canWrite(this)

companion object {
    private const val REQUEST_CODE_WRITE_SETTINGS_PERMISSION = 5
}

Solution 10

In my case i have solved by this way.:

public void checkSystemWriteSettings(Context context) {

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            if (!Settings.System.canWrite(context)) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_WRITE_SETTINGS, Uri.parse("package:" + context.getApplicationInfo().packageName));
                startActivity(intent);
            }else
            {
                Settings.System.putInt(context.getContentResolver(), Settings.System.SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS, 10);

            }
        }
    }