We have a large PHP system that I am changing to OOP and want to use AJAX to update the web pages for logged in users. I am completely self taught and good on HTML, CSS and PHP with a basic Javascript understanding.

Trying to learn AJAX with PHP is defeating me. After trying a self made set of scripts to test AJAX which wouldn't work I then went to the Internet for examples and can't get any to work. This is on my development Mac running MAMP and using my host where we keep the current system.

My question is, does anybody have a simple 'hello world' set of HTML and PHP scripts that they know work which I could try to confirm that I can run something known.

Many Thanks Colin

Solution 1

If you are going to use AJAX I would recommend using jQuery as well. This greatly simplifies the process, is tested cross-browser and has many easy to use wrapper functions.

Its really as easy as creating a PHP page called hello.php

<?php
  echo "Hello World";
?>

Then in your main page you will need to grab the jQuery library and hook it up to the document ready event.

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.4/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
     $(function(){
       $.get("hello.php", function(data){
           alert(data);
       });
    });
</script>

This in essence is the simplest AJAX hello world tutorial I know :)

Solution 2

No not really, but I would recommend that you use jQuery if you're going to be doing any ajax at all. It will make your life so much easier.

Especially since all the browsers don't implement the ajax stuff the same way.

example application using jQuery+PHP for ajax calls:

I'm going to assume that you already have some base html document, I'm just going to include the important bits..

receiver.php:

<?php
echo 'you just received me, I\'m some PHP code and ajax is definitely working...';
?>

sender.html:

<p>Hello, click this button: <a id="button" href="receiver.php">Click me</a></p>
<p id="container"><!-- currently it's empty --></p>

<!-- including jQuery from the google cdn -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">
// This is our actual script
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('a#button').click(function(){
        $.ajax({
            url: this.href,
            type: 'GET',
            dataType: 'html',
            success: function (data) {
                $('#container').html(data);
            }
        });
    });
});
</script>

That should be all you need for a basic ajax application...

Solution 3

I would suggest using jQuery's AJAX methods, which are cross-browser and easy to use.

Solution 4

Here's a basic example that uses jQuery, posting values from a form to a separate PHP file validates and returns results.

form.php

<html>

<head>
<title>Simple JQuery Post Form to PHP Example</title>
</head>

<body>

<!-- including jQuery from the google cdn -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.5.1/jquery.min.js">      </script>

<!-- This div will be populated with error messages -->
<div id="example_form_error"></div>

<!-- This div will be populated with success messages -->
<div id="example_form_success"></div>

<!-- Here is your form -->
<div id="example_form_enter">
    <form id="contact_modal_form" method='post' action='form_post.php'>
            <label for="Name">Enter Your Name (Not "Adam"):</label> <input class='textbox' name='Name' type='text' size='25' required />
            <button class='contact_modal_button' type='submit'>Send</button>
    </form>
</div>

<!-- This div contains a section that is hidden initially, but displayed when the form is submitted successfully -->
<div id="example_form_confirmation" style="display: none">
    <p>
        Additional static div displayed on success.
        <br>
        <br>
        <a href="form.php">Try Again</a>
    </p>
</div>

<!-- Below is the jQuery function that process form submission and receives back results -->
<script>
    $(function() {
        $("#contact_modal_form").submit(function(event) {
            var form = $(this);
            $.ajax({
                type: form.attr('method'),
                url: form.attr('action'),
                data: form.serialize(),
                dataType: 'json',
                success: function(data) {
                    if(data.error == true) {
                        var error = $("#example_form_error");
                        error.css("color", "red");
                        error.html("Not " + data.msg + ". Please enter a different name.");
                    } else {
                        $("#example_form_enter").hide();
                        $("#example_form_error").hide();
                        $("#example_form_confirmation").show();

                        var success = $("#example_form_success");
                        success.css("color", "green");
                        success.html("Success! You submitted the name " + data.msg + ".");
                    }
                }
            });
            event.preventDefault();
        });
    });
</script>

</body>

</html>

form_post.php

<?php

    // Request Post Variable
    $name = $_REQUEST['Name'];

    // Validation
    if($name == 'Adam') {
    echo json_error($_REQUEST['Name']);
    } else {
    echo json_success($_REQUEST['Name']);
    };

    // Return Success Function
    function json_success($msg) {
        $return = array();
        $return['error'] = FALSE;
        $return['msg'] = $msg;
        return json_encode($return);
    }

    // Return Error Function
    function json_error($msg) {
        $return = array();
        $return['error'] = TRUE;
        $return['msg'] = $msg;
        return json_encode($return);
    }

?>

Solution 5

if(!$mail->Send()) {
    //echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo;
    $data[0]=array('result'=>'Mail not send');
}elseif(!$mail1->Send()){
    //echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo;
    $data[0]=array('result'=>'Mail not send');
}else {
    $data[0]=array('result'=>'Mail Send');
}