For the "Hello World" example in android.com, the package name is
"package com.example.helloandroid;"

Is there any guideline/standard to name this package? (references would be nice)

Solution 1

Android follows normal java package conventions plus here is an important snippet of text to read (this is important regarding the wide use of xml files while developing on android).

The reason for having it in reverse order is to do with the layout on the storage media. If you consider each period ('.') in the application name as a path separator, all applications from a publisher would sit together in the path hierarchy. So, for instance, packages from Adobe would be of the form:

com.adobe.reader (Adobe Reader)

com.adobe.photoshop (Adobe Photoshop)

com.adobe.ideas (Adobe Ideas)

[Note that this is just an illustration and these may not be the exact package names.]

These could internally be mapped (respectively) to:

com/adobe/reader

com/adobe/photoshop

com/adobe/ideas

The concept comes from Package Naming Conventions in Java, more about which can be read here:*

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_package#Package_naming_conventions

Source: http://www.quora.com/Why-do-a-majority-of-Android-package-names-begin-with-com

Solution 2

The package name is used for unique identification for your application.
Android uses the package name to determine if the application has been installed or not.
The general naming is:

com.companyname.applicationname

eg:

com.android.Camera

Solution 3

http://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/package/namingpkgs.html

Companies use their reversed Internet domain name to begin their package namesfor example, com.example.mypackage for a package named mypackage created by a programmer at example.com.

Name collisions that occur within a single company need to be handled by convention within that company, perhaps by including the region or the project name after the company name (for example, com.example.region.mypackage).

If you have a company domain www.example.com

Then you should use:

com.example.region.projectname

If you own a domain name like example.co.uk than it should be:

uk.co.example.region.projectname

If you do not own a domain, you should then use your email address:

for [email protected] it should be:

com.example.name.region.projectname

Solution 4

com = commercial application (just like .com, most people register their app as a com app)
First level = always the publishing entity's' name
Second level (optional) = sub-division, group, or project name
Final level = product name

For example the android launcher (home screen) is com.google.android.launcher

Solution 5

Generally the first 2 package "words" are your web address in reverse. (You'd have 3 here as convention, if you had a subdomain.)

So something stackoverflow produces would likely be in package com.stackoverflow.whatever.customname

something asp.net produces might be called net.asp.whatever.customname.omg.srsly

something from mysubdomain.toplevel.com would be com.toplevel.mysubdomain.whatever

Beyond that simple convention, the sky's the limit. This is an old linux convention for something that I cannot recall exactly...

Solution 6

But if your Android App is only for personal purpose or created by you alone, you can use:

me.app_name.app

Solution 7

From the Kotlin Android style guide:

Package names are all lowercase, with consecutive words simply concatenated together (no underscores).

https://developer.android.com/kotlin/style-guide#package_names