According to this: http://developer.android.com/preview/features/runtime-permissions.html#coding an app can check for runtime permissions and request permissions if it hasn't been granted already. The following dialog will be displayed then:

In case the user declines an important permission, imo an app should display an explanation why the permission is needed and what impact declining has. That dialog has two options:

  1. re-try again (permission is requested again)
  2. deny (app will work without that permission).

If the user checks Never ask again however, the second dialog with the explanation shouldn't be shown, especially if the user already declined once before. Now the question is: how does my app know whether the user has checked the Never ask again? IMO the onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) doesn't give me that information.

A second question would be: does Google have plans to incorporate a custom message in the permission dialog that would explain why the app needs the permission? That way there would never be a second dialog which would certainly make for a better ux.

Solution 1

Developer Preview 2 brings some changes to how permissions are requested by the app (see also http://developer.android.com/preview/support.html#preview2-notes).

The first dialog now looks like this:

There's no "Never show again" check-box (unlike developer preview 1). If the user denies the permission and if the permission is essential for the app it could present another dialog to explain the reason the app asks for that permission, e.g. like this:

If the user declines again the app should either shut down if it absolutely needs that permission or keep running with limited functionality. If the user reconsiders (and selects re-try), the permission is requested again. This time the prompt looks like this:

The second time the "Never ask again" check-box is shown. If the user denies again and the check-box is ticked nothing more should happen. Whether or not the check-box is ticked can be determined by using Activity.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(String), e.g. like this:

if (shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Manifest.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS)) {...

That's what the Android documentation says (https://developer.android.com/training/permissions/requesting.html):

To help find the situations where you need to provide extra explanation, the system provides the Activity.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(String) method. This method returns true if the app has requested this permission previously and the user denied the request. That indicates that you should probably explain to the user why you need the permission.

If the user turned down the permission request in the past and chose the Don't ask again option in the permission request system dialog, this method returns false. The method also returns false if the device policy prohibits the app from having that permission.

To know if the user denied with "never ask again" you can check again the shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale method in your onRequestPermissionsResult when the user did not grant the permission.

@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
    if (requestCode == REQUEST_PERMISSION) {
        // for each permission check if the user granted/denied them
        // you may want to group the rationale in a single dialog,
        // this is just an example
        for (int i = 0, len = permissions.length; i < len; i++) {
            String permission = permissions[i];
            if (grantResults[i] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_DENIED) {
            // user rejected the permission
                boolean showRationale = shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale( permission );
                if (! showRationale) {
                    // user also CHECKED "never ask again"
                    // you can either enable some fall back,
                    // disable features of your app
                    // or open another dialog explaining
                    // again the permission and directing to
                    // the app setting
                } else if (Manifest.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS.equals(permission)) {
                    showRationale(permission, R.string.permission_denied_contacts);
                    // user did NOT check "never ask again"
                    // this is a good place to explain the user
                    // why you need the permission and ask if he wants
                    // to accept it (the rationale)
                } else if ( /* possibly check more permissions...*/ ) {
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

You can open your app setting with this code:

Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS);
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", getPackageName(), null);
intent.setData(uri);
startActivityForResult(intent, REQUEST_PERMISSION_SETTING);

There is no way of sending the user directly to the Authorization page.

Solution 2

You can check shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale() in your onRequestPermissionsResult().

https://youtu.be/C8lUdPVSzDk?t=2m23s

Check whether permission was granted or not in onRequestPermissionsResult(). If not then check shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale().

  1. If this method returns true then show an explanation that why this particular permission is needed. Then depending on user's choice again requestPermissions().
  2. If it returns false then show an error message that permission was not granted and app cannot proceed further or a particular feature is disabled.

Below is sample code.

@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
    super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
    switch (requestCode) {
        case STORAGE_PERMISSION_REQUEST:
            if (grantResults.length > 0
                    && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // permission was granted :)
                downloadFile();
            } else {
                // permission was not granted
                if (getActivity() == null) {
                    return;
                }
                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(getActivity(), Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {
                    showStoragePermissionRationale();
                } else {
                    Snackbar snackbar = Snackbar.make(getView(), getResources().getString(R.string.message_no_storage_permission_snackbar), Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG);
                    snackbar.setAction(getResources().getString(R.string.settings), new View.OnClickListener() {
                        @Override
                        public void onClick(View v) {
                            if (getActivity() == null) {
                                return;
                            }
                            Intent intent = new Intent();
                            intent.setAction(Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS);
                            Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", getActivity().getPackageName(), null);
                            intent.setData(uri);
                            OrderDetailFragment.this.startActivity(intent);
                        }
                    });
                    snackbar.show();
                }
            }
            break;
    }
}

Apparently, google maps does exactly this for location permission.

Solution 3

Here is a nice and easy method to check the current permission status:

    @Retention(RetentionPolicy.SOURCE)
    @IntDef({GRANTED, DENIED, BLOCKED_OR_NEVER_ASKED })
    public @interface PermissionStatus {}

    public static final int GRANTED = 0;
    public static final int DENIED = 1;
    public static final int BLOCKED_OR_NEVER_ASKED = 2;

    @PermissionStatus 
    public static int getPermissionStatus(Activity activity, String androidPermissionName) {
        if(ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(activity, androidPermissionName) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            if(!ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(activity, androidPermissionName)){
                return BLOCKED_OR_NEVER_ASKED;
            }
            return DENIED;
        }
        return GRANTED;
    }

Caveat: returns BLOCKED_OR_NEVER_ASKED the first app start, before the user accepted/denied the permission through the user prompt (on sdk 23+ devices)

Update:

The Android support library now also seems to have a very similar class android.support.v4.content.PermissionChecker which contains a checkSelfPermission() which returns:

public static final int PERMISSION_GRANTED = 0;
public static final int PERMISSION_DENIED = -1;
public static final int PERMISSION_DENIED_APP_OP = -2;

Solution 4

Once the user has marked "Do not ask again," the question can not be displayed again. But it can be explained to the user that he has previously denied the permission and must grant permission in the settings. And reference him to the settings, with the following code:

@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int permsRequestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {

    if (grantResults.length > 0
            && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        // now, you have permission go ahead
        // TODO: something

    } else {

        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(MainActivity.this,
                Manifest.permission.READ_CALL_LOG)) {
            // now, user has denied permission (but not permanently!)

        } else {

            // now, user has denied permission permanently!

            Snackbar snackbar = Snackbar.make(findViewById(android.R.id.content), "You have previously declined this permission.\n" +
                "You must approve this permission in \"Permissions\" in the app settings on your device.", Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG).setAction("Settings", new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {

                startActivity(new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS, Uri.parse("package:" + BuildConfig.APPLICATION_ID)));

            }
        });
        View snackbarView = snackbar.getView();
        TextView textView = (TextView) snackbarView.findViewById(android.support.design.R.id.snackbar_text);
        textView.setMaxLines(5);  //Or as much as you need
        snackbar.show();

        }

    }
    return;
}

Solution 5

You can determine it by checking if permission rationale is to be shown inside the onRequestPermissionsResult() callback method. And if you find any permission set to never ask again, you can request users to grant permissions from the settings.

My full implementation would be like below. It works for both single or multiple permissions requests. Use the following or directly use my library.

@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
    if(permissions.length == 0){
        return;
    }
    boolean allPermissionsGranted = true;
    if(grantResults.length>0){
        for(int grantResult: grantResults){
            if(grantResult != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED){
                allPermissionsGranted = false;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    if(!allPermissionsGranted){
        boolean somePermissionsForeverDenied = false;
        for(String permission: permissions){
            if(ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, permission)){
                //denied
                Log.e("denied", permission);
            }else{
                if(ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, permission) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED){
                    //allowed
                    Log.e("allowed", permission);
                } else{
                    //set to never ask again
                    Log.e("set to never ask again", permission);
                    somePermissionsForeverDenied = true;
                }
            }
        }
        if(somePermissionsForeverDenied){
            final AlertDialog.Builder alertDialogBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
            alertDialogBuilder.setTitle("Permissions Required")
                    .setMessage("You have forcefully denied some of the required permissions " +
                            "for this action. Please open settings, go to permissions and allow them.")
                    .setPositiveButton("Settings", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                        @Override
                        public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                            Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS,
                                    Uri.fromParts("package", getPackageName(), null));
                            intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
                            startActivity(intent);
                        }
                    })
                    .setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                        @Override
                        public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                        }
                    })
                    .setCancelable(false)
                    .create()
                    .show();
        }
    } else {
        switch (requestCode) {
            //act according to the request code used while requesting the permission(s).
        }
    }
}

Solution 6

May be useful for someone:--

What I have noticed is, if we check the shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale() flag in to onRequestPermissionsResult() callback method, it shows only two states.

State 1:-Return true:-- Any time user clicks Deny permissions (including the very first time).

State 2:-Returns false :- if user selects never asks again".

Link of detailed working example

Solution 7

If you want to detect all the "states" (first time denied, just been denied, just been denied with "Never Ask Again" or permanently denied) you can do the following:

Create 2 Booleans:

private boolean beforeClickPermissionRat;
private boolean afterClickPermissionRat;

Set the first one before asking for permission:

beforeClickPermissionRat = shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE);

Set the second one inside your onRequestPermissionsResult method:

afterClickPermissionRat = shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE);

Use the following "truth table" to do whatever you need in onRequestPermissionsResult() (after checking that you still don't have the permission):

// before after
// FALSE  FALSE  =  Was denied permanently, still denied permanently --> App Settings
// FALSE  TRUE   =  First time deny, not denied permanently yet --> Nothing
// TRUE   FALSE  =  Just been permanently denied --> Changing my caption to "Go to app settings to edit permissions"
// TRUE   TRUE   =  Wasn't denied permanently, still not denied permanently --> Nothing

Solution 8

I had the same problem and I figured it out. To make life much simpler, I wrote an util class to handle runtime permissions.

public class PermissionUtil {
    /*
    * Check if version is marshmallow and above.
    * Used in deciding to ask runtime permission
    * */
    public static boolean shouldAskPermission() {
        return (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M);
    }
private static boolean shouldAskPermission(Context context, String permission){
        if (shouldAskPermission()) {
            int permissionResult = ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, permission);
            if (permissionResult != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
public static void checkPermission(Context context, String permission, PermissionAskListener listener){
/*
        * If permission is not granted
        * */
        if (shouldAskPermission(context, permission)){
/*
            * If permission denied previously
            * */
            if (((Activity)context).shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(permission)) {
                listener.onPermissionPreviouslyDenied();
            } else {
                /*
                * Permission denied or first time requested
                * */
if (PreferencesUtil.isFirstTimeAskingPermission(context, permission)) {
                    PreferencesUtil.firstTimeAskingPermission(context, permission, false);
                    listener.onPermissionAsk();
                } else {
                    /*
                    * Handle the feature without permission or ask user to manually allow permission
                    * */
                    listener.onPermissionDisabled();
                }
            }
        } else {
            listener.onPermissionGranted();
        }
    }
/*
    * Callback on various cases on checking permission
    *
    * 1.  Below M, runtime permission not needed. In that case onPermissionGranted() would be called.
    *     If permission is already granted, onPermissionGranted() would be called.
    *
    * 2.  Above M, if the permission is being asked first time onPermissionAsk() would be called.
    *
    * 3.  Above M, if the permission is previously asked but not granted, onPermissionPreviouslyDenied()
    *     would be called.
    *
    * 4.  Above M, if the permission is disabled by device policy or the user checked "Never ask again"
    *     check box on previous request permission, onPermissionDisabled() would be called.
    * */
    public interface PermissionAskListener {
/*
        * Callback to ask permission
        * */
        void onPermissionAsk();
/*
        * Callback on permission denied
        * */
        void onPermissionPreviouslyDenied();
/*
        * Callback on permission "Never show again" checked and denied
        * */
        void onPermissionDisabled();
/*
        * Callback on permission granted
        * */
        void onPermissionGranted();
    }
}

And the PreferenceUtil methods are as follows.

public static void firstTimeAskingPermission(Context context, String permission, boolean isFirstTime){
SharedPreferences sharedPreference = context.getSharedPreferences(PREFS_FILE_NAME, MODE_PRIVATE;
 sharedPreference.edit().putBoolean(permission, isFirstTime).apply();
 }
public static boolean isFirstTimeAskingPermission(Context context, String permission){
return context.getSharedPreferences(PREFS_FILE_NAME, MODE_PRIVATE).getBoolean(permission, true);
}

Now, all you need is to use the method * checkPermission* with proper arguments.

Here is an example,

PermissionUtil.checkPermission(context, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE,
                    new PermissionUtil.PermissionAskListener() {
                        @Override
                        public void onPermissionAsk() {
                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(
                                    thisActivity,
              new String[]{Manifest.permission.READ_CONTACTS},
                            REQUEST_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
                            );
                        }
@Override
                        public void onPermissionPreviouslyDenied() {
                       //show a dialog explaining permission and then request permission
                        }
@Override
                        public void onPermissionDisabled() {
Toast.makeText(context, "Permission Disabled.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        }
@Override
                        public void onPermissionGranted() {
                            readContacts();
                        }
                    });

how does my app know whether the user has checked the "Never ask again"?

If user checked Never ask again, you'll get callback on onPermissionDisabled.

Happy coding :)

Solution 9

The method shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale() can be used to check whether the user selected the 'never asked again' option and denied the permission. There's plenty of code examples, so I would rather explain how to use it for such a purpose, because I think its name and its implementation makes this more complicated that it actually is.

As explained in Requesting Permissions at Run Time, that method returns true if the option 'never ask again' is visible, false otherwise; so it returns false the very first time a dialog is shown, then from the second time on it returns true, and only if the user deny the permission selecting the option, at that point it returns false again.

To detect such a case, either you can detect the sequence false-true-false, or (more simple) you can have a flag which keeps track of the initial time the dialog is shown. After that, that method returns either true or false, where the false will allow you to detect when the option is selected.

Solution 10

Complete explanation for every case of permission

/**
 *    Case 1: User doesn't have permission
 *    Case 2: User has permission
 *
 *    Case 3: User has never seen the permission Dialog
 *    Case 4: User has denied permission once but he din't clicked on "Never Show again" check box
 *    Case 5: User denied the permission and also clicked on the "Never Show again" check box.
 *    Case 6: User has allowed the permission
 *
 */
public void handlePermission() {
    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(MainActivity.this,
            Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
            != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        // This is Case 1. Now we need to check further if permission was shown before or not

        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(MainActivity.this,
                Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {

            // This is Case 4.
        } else {
            // This is Case 3. Request for permission here
        }

    } else {
        // This is Case 2. You have permission now you can do anything related to it
    }
}

public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {

    if (grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        // This is Case 2 (Permission is now granted)
    } else {
        // This is Case 1 again as Permission is not granted by user

        //Now further we check if used denied permanently or not
        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(MainActivity.this,
                Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {
            // case 4 User has denied permission but not permanently

        } else {
            // case 5. Permission denied permanently.
            // You can open Permission setting's page from here now.
        }

    }
}

Solution 11

You can use

shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale()

inside

onRequestPermissionsResult()

See the example below:

Check if it has permission when the user clicks the button:

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
    if (v.getId() == R.id.appCompatBtn_changeProfileCoverPhoto) {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 23) { // API < 23 don't need to ask permission
            navigateTo(MainActivity.class); // Navigate to activity to change photos
        } else {
            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(SettingsActivity.this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
                    != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // Permission is not granted yet. Ask for permission...
                requestWriteExternalPermission();
            } else {
                // Permission is already granted, good to go :)
                navigateTo(MainActivity.class);
            }
        } 
    }
}

When the user answer the permission dialog box we will go to onRequestPermissionResult:

@Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
    super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);

    if (requestCode == WRITE_EXTERNAL_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE) {
        // Case 1. Permission is granted.  
        if (grantResults.length > 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {  
            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(SettingsActivity.this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
                    == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                // Before navigating, I still check one more time the permission for good practice.
                navigateTo(MainActivity.class);
            }
        } else { // Case 2. Permission was refused
            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {
                // Case 2.1. shouldShowRequest... returns true because the
                // permission was denied before. If it is the first time the app is running we will 
                // end up in this part of the code. Because he need to deny at least once to get 
                // to onRequestPermissionsResult. 
                Snackbar snackbar = Snackbar.make(findViewById(R.id.relLayout_container), R.string.you_must_verify_permissions_to_send_media, Snackbar.LENGTH_LONG);
                snackbar.setAction("VERIFY", new View.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(View v) {
                        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(SettingsActivity.this
                                , new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}
                                , WRITE_EXTERNAL_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE);
                    }
                });
                snackbar.show();
            } else {
                // Case 2.2. Permission was already denied and the user checked "Never ask again". 
                // Navigate user to settings if he choose to allow this time.
                AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
                builder.setMessage(R.string.instructions_to_turn_on_storage_permission)
                        .setPositiveButton(getString(R.string.settings), new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            @Override
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                                Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS);
                                Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", getPackageName(), null);
                                settingsIntent.setData(uri);
                                startActivityForResult(settingsIntent, 7);
                            }
                        })
                        .setNegativeButton(getString(R.string.not_now), null);
                Dialog dialog = builder.create();
                dialog.show();
            }
        }
    }

}

Solution 12

A useful function to determine if an arbitrary permission has been blocked from requesting (in Kotlin):

private fun isPermissionBlockedFromAsking(activity: Activity, permission: String): Boolean {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
        return ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(activity, permission) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
            && !activity.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(permission)
            && PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(activity).getBoolean(permission, false)
    }
    return false
}

Use of this requires setting a shared preference boolean with the name of your desired permission (e.g. android.Manifest.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE) to true when you first request a permission.


Explanation:

Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M as some of the code may only be run on API level 23+.

ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(activity, permission) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED to check we don't already have the permission.

!activity.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(permission) to check whether the user has denied the app asking again. Due to quirks of this function, the following line is also required.

PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(activity).getBoolean(permission, false) this is used (along with setting the value to true on first permission request) to distinguish between the "Never asked" and "Never ask again" states, as the previous line doesn't return this information.

Solution 13

shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale returns true or false based on the user preference in the previous permission requests.

If user just denied permission(not forever) shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale will return true. If denied permission forever, then returns false. And the trick is that even the user allowed permission then the shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale will return false.

So we can combine both the conditions to get the never ask again chosen or not.

So if the user not allowed permission and shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale returns false then it means the user opts to never ask again for the permission.

https://stackoverflow.com/a/58114769/5151336

Solution 14

Please don't throw stones at me for this solution.

This works but is a bit "hacky".

When you call requestPermissions, register the current time.

        mAskedPermissionTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

Then in onRequestPermissionsResult

if the result is not granted, check the time again.

 if (System.currentTimeMillis() - mAskedPermissionTime < 100)

Since the user did cannot possibly click so fast on the deny button, we know that he selected "never ask again" because the callback is instant.

Use at your own risks.

Solution 15

I found to many long and confusing answer and after reading few of the answers My conclusion is

if (!ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this,Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE))
                Toast.makeText(this, "permanently denied", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

Solution 16

OnRequestPermissionResult-free and shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale-free method:

public static void requestDangerousPermission(AppCompatActivity activity, String permission) {
        if (hasPermission(activity, permission)) return;
        requestPermission();

        new Handler().postDelayed(() -> {
            if (activity.getLifecycle().getCurrentState() == Lifecycle.State.RESUMED) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS);
                intent.setData(Uri.parse("package:" + context.getPackageName()));
                context.startActivity(intent);
            }
        }, 250);
    }

Opens device settings after 250ms if no permission popup happened (which is the case if 'Never ask again' was selected.

Solution 17

The way I figured this out was a bit new to me. I have to keep a reference if the user has ever chosen one decision. In this way if the permission is not granted, I can tell the user is there for the first time and should be prompted to see the permission pop up, or the user has temporarily or permanently denied it.

psudocode:

if( granted ) {
 // you are set
} else if( requiresRationale() ) {
 // in the ui let the user know he has to tap and launch permission
 button.onSetClickListener { requestPermission() }
} else if( sharedPreferences.getBoolean("permission", false) ) {
  // so user has already decided to deny permission, then it is permanent
  launchAppSettings()
} else {
  // user's first encounter, request permission
  requestPermission()
}

demo is attached as a gif in the readme file. https://github.com/juanmendez/android-sdk-updates/tree/api/android-permissions/single

Solution 18

I wrote a shorthand for permission request in Android M. This code also handles backwards compatibility to older Android versions.

All the ugly code is extracted into a Fragment which attaches and detaches itself to the Activity requesting the permissions.You can use PermissionRequestManager as following:

new PermissionRequestManager()
        // We need a AppCompatActivity here, if you are not using support libraries you will have to slightly change 
        // the PermissionReuqestManager class
        .withActivity(this)

        // List all permissions you need
        .withPermissions(android.Manifest.permission.CALL_PHONE, android.Manifest.permission.READ_CALENDAR)

        // This Runnable is called whenever the request was successfull
        .withSuccessHandler(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                // Do something with your permissions!
                // This is called after the user has granted all 
                // permissions, we are one a older platform where 
                // the user does not need to grant permissions 
                // manually, or all permissions are already granted

            }
        })

        // Optional, called when the user did not grant all permissions
        .withFailureHandler(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                // This is called if the user has rejected one or all of the requested permissions
                L.e(this.getClass().getSimpleName(), "Unable to request permission");

            }
        })

        // After calling this, the user is prompted to grant the rights
        .request();

Take a look: https://gist.github.com/crysxd/385b57d74045a8bd67c4110c34ab74aa

Solution 19

Instead you will receive callback on onRequestPermissionsResult() as PERMISSION_DENIED when you request permission again while falling in false condition of shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale()

From Android doc:

When the system asks the user to grant a permission, the user has the option of telling the system not to ask for that permission again. In that case, any time an app uses requestPermissions() to ask for that permission again, the system immediately denies the request. The system calls your onRequestPermissionsResult() callback method and passes PERMISSION_DENIED, the same way it would if the user had explicitly rejected your request again. This means that when you call requestPermissions(), you cannot assume that any direct interaction with the user has taken place.

Solution 20

public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String permissions[], @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
    switch (requestCode) {
        case PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_EXTERNAL_STORAGE: {
            if (grantResults.length > 0) {
                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {
                    // Denied
                } else {
                    if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                        // To what you want
                    } else {
                       // Bob never checked click
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Solution 21

Try this simple permission library. It will handle all operations related to permission in 3 easy steps. It saved my time. You can finish all permission related work in 15 mins.

It can handle Deny, It can handle Never ask again, It can call app settings for permission, It can give a Rational message, It can give a Denial message, It can give a list of accepted permissions, It can give a list of denied permissions and etc.

https://github.com/ParkSangGwon/TedPermission

Step 1: add your dependency

dependencies {
     compile 'gun0912.ted:tedpermission:2.1.1'
     //check the above link for latest libraries
}

Step2: Ask permissions

TedPermission.with(this)
    .setPermissionListener(permissionlistener)
    .setDeniedMessage("If you reject permission,you can not use this service\n\nPlease turn on permissions at [Setting] > [Permission]")
    .setPermissions(Manifest.permission.READ_CONTACTS, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
    .check();

Step 3: Handle permission response

PermissionListener permissionlistener = new PermissionListener() {
    @Override
    public void onPermissionGranted() {
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Permission Granted", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

    @Override
    public void onPermissionDenied(ArrayList<String> deniedPermissions) {
        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Permission Denied\n" + deniedPermissions.toString(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
};

Solution 22

you can listener pretty.

Listener

interface PermissionListener {
    fun onNeedPermission()
    fun onPermissionPreviouslyDenied(numberDenyPermission: Int)
    fun onPermissionDisabledPermanently(numberDenyPermission: Int)
    fun onPermissionGranted()
}

MainClass for permission

class PermissionUtil {

    private val PREFS_FILENAME = "permission"
    private val TAG = "PermissionUtil"

    private fun shouldAskPermission(context: Context, permission: String): Boolean {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            val permissionResult = ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, permission)
            if (permissionResult != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                return true
            }
        }
        return false
    }

    fun checkPermission(context: Context, permission: String, listener: PermissionListener) {

        Log.i(TAG, "CheckPermission for $permission")

        if (shouldAskPermission(context, permission)) {

            // Load history permission
            val sharedPreference = context.getSharedPreferences(PREFS_FILENAME, 0)
            val numberShowPermissionDialog = sharedPreference.getInt(permission, 0)

            if (numberShowPermissionDialog == 0) {

                (context as? Activity)?.let {
                    if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(it, permission)) {
                        Log.e(TAG, "User has denied permission but not permanently")
                        listener.onPermissionPreviouslyDenied(numberShowPermissionDialog)
                    } else {
                        Log.e(TAG, "Permission denied permanently.")
                        listener.onPermissionDisabledPermanently(numberShowPermissionDialog)
                    }
                } ?: kotlin.run {
                    listener.onNeedPermission()
                }

            } else {
                // Is FirstTime
                listener.onNeedPermission()
            }


            // Save history permission
            sharedPreference.edit().putInt(permission, numberShowPermissionDialog + 1).apply()


        } else {
            listener.onPermissionGranted()
        }

    }
}

Used by this way

      PermissionUtil().checkPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION,
                object : PermissionListener {
                    override fun onNeedPermission() {
                        log("---------------------->onNeedPermission")

//                            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions([email protected],
//                                    Array(1) { Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION },
//                                    118)

                    }

                    override fun onPermissionPreviouslyDenied(numberDenyPermission: Int) {
                        log("---------------------->onPermissionPreviouslyDenied")
                    }

                    override fun onPermissionDisabledPermanently(numberDenyPermission: Int) {
                        log("---------------------->onPermissionDisabled")
                    }

                    override fun onPermissionGranted() {
                        log("---------------------->onPermissionGranted")
                    }

                })

override onRequestPermissionsResult in activity or fragmnet

override fun onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode: Int, permissions: Array<out String>, grantResults: IntArray) {
 if (requestCode == 118) {
        if (permissions[0] == Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            getLastLocationInMap()
        }
        }
    }

Solution 23

To answer the question precisely, What happens when user presses "Never Ask Again"?

The overridden method / function

onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode: Int, permissions: Array<out String>, grantResults: IntArray)

The grantResult array comes out to be Empty, so you can do something there maybe? But not the best practice.

How to Handle "Never Ask Again"?

I am working with Fragment, which required READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission.

override fun onViewCreated(view: View, savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onViewCreated(view, savedInstanceState)

        when {
            isReadPermissionsGranted() -> {

                /**
                 * Permissions has been Granted
                 */

                getDirectories()
            }

            isPermissionDeniedBefore() -> {

                /**
                 * User has denied before, explain why we need the permission and ask again
                 */

                updateUIForDeniedPermissions()
                checkIfPermissionIsGrantedNow()

            }
            else -> {

                /**
                 * Need to ask For Permissions, First Time
                 */

                checkIfPermissionIsGrantedNow()

                /**
                 * If user selects, "Dont Ask Again" it will never ask again! so just update the UI for Denied Permissions
                 */

                updateUIForDeniedPermissions()

            }
        }
    }

The other functions are trivial.

// Is Read Write Permissions Granted
fun isReadWritePermissionGranted(context: Context): Boolean {
    return (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(
        context as Activity,
        Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
    ) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) and
            (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(
                context,
                Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
            ) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)
}

fun isReadPermissionDenied(context: Context) : Boolean {
    return ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(
        context as Activity,
        PermissionsUtils.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE_PERMISSIONS)
}

Solution 24

This sample demonstrates how to handle when the user selects "DENY & DON'T ASK AGAIN"

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)

    registerStoragePermission()
    registerGalleryLauncher()

    registerCameraPermission()
    registerCameraLauncher()
}

private fun registerCameraPermission() {
    requestCameraPermissionLauncher =
        registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.RequestPermission()) { granted ->
            if (granted) {
                Log.d(TAG, "registerCameraPermission - Camera Permission Granted")
                openCamera()
            } else {
                Log.d(TAG, "registerCameraPermission - Camera Permission NOT Granted")
                requestCameraPermission()
            }
        }
}

private fun registerStoragePermission() {
    requestStoragePermissionLauncher =
        registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.RequestPermission()) { granted ->
            if (granted) {
                Log.d(TAG, "registerStoragePermission - Storage Permission Granted")
                viewGallery()
            } else {
                Log.d(TAG, "registerStoragePermission - Storage Permission NOT Granted")
                requestStoragePermission()
            }
        }
}

private fun registerCameraLauncher() {
    cameraLauncher =
        registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.StartActivityForResult()) { result ->
            if (result.resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
                val data: Intent? = result.data
                if (data == null) {
                    return@registerForActivityResult
                }
                val extras = data.extras
                imageBitmap = extras!!["data"] as Bitmap
                file = FileUtils.createFile(requireContext(),
                    getString(R.string.app_name),
                    "my_profile_image.png"
                )
                //FileUtils.saveBitmap(imageBitmap, file);
                val imageLocalPath = FileUtils.saveImageToInternalStorage(file, imageBitmap)

                SharedPreferencesUtils.setProfilePath(requireActivity(), imageLocalPath)
                profileFragmentBinding.imageViewCircleNoStroke.setImageBitmap(imageBitmap)
                profileFragmentBinding.imageViewCircleNoStroke.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER_CROP)
            }
        }
}

private fun registerGalleryLauncher() {
    galleryLauncher =
        registerForActivityResult(ActivityResultContracts.StartActivityForResult()) { result ->
            if (result.resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
                val data: Intent? = result.data
                if (data == null) {
                    return@registerForActivityResult
                }
                val uri = data.data
                var imageLocalPath = File(FileUtils.getPathReal(requireActivity(), uri!!))

                file = imageLocalPath.absoluteFile

                SharedPreferencesUtils.setProfilePath(requireActivity(), imageLocalPath.absolutePath)
                Glide.with(requireActivity()).load(uri)
                    .into(profileFragmentBinding.imageViewCircleNoStroke)
                profileFragmentBinding.imageViewCircleNoStroke.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER_CROP)
            }
        }
}

private fun showImageUploadOptions() {
    val mDialog = activity.let { Dialog(it!!) }
    mDialog.requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE)
    mDialog.setContentView(R.layout.dialog_profile_image_option)
    mDialog.window!!.setBackgroundDrawable(ColorDrawable(Color.TRANSPARENT))
    //val mAlertMessageTv = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_alert_tv) as TextView
    //mAlertMessageTv.text = message
    galleryLl = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_gallery_ll) as LinearLayout
    cameraLl = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_camera_ll) as LinearLayout
    removePhotoLl = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_remove_photo_ll) as LinearLayout

    galleryLl.setOnClickListener {
        CallStoragePermission()
        mDialog.dismiss()
    }

    cameraLl.setOnClickListener {
        CallCameraPermission()
        mDialog.dismiss()
    }

    removePhotoLl.setOnClickListener {
        CallRemovePhoto()
        mDialog.dismiss()
    }

    mDialog.setCancelable(true)
    mDialog.show()
    val metrics = resources.displayMetrics
    val width = metrics.widthPixels
    val height = metrics.heightPixels
    mDialog.window!!.setLayout(
        width,
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
    )

}

fun CallStoragePermission() {

    if (!Status_checkReadExternalStoragePermission()) {
        requestStoragePermissionLauncher.launch(Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
    } else {
        viewGallery()
    }
}

private fun Status_checkReadExternalStoragePermission(): Boolean {
    val permissionState = ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(
        requireActivity(),
        Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
    )
    return permissionState == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
}

private fun requestCameraPermission() {

    when {
        ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(
            requireContext(),
            Manifest.permission.CAMERA
        ) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED -> {

            Log.d(TAG, "requestCameraPermission - Camera Permission Granted")
            openCamera()

            // The permission is granted
            // you can go with the flow that requires permission here
        }
        shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Manifest.permission.CAMERA) -> {
            // This case means user previously denied the permission
            // So here we can display an explanation to the user
            // That why exactly we need this permission
            Log.d(TAG, "requestCameraPermission - Camera Permission NOT Granted")
            showPermissionAlert(
                getString(R.string.camera_permission),
                getString(R.string.camera_permission_denied),
                getString(R.string.ok_caps),
                getString(R.string.cancel_caps)
            ) { requestCameraPermissionLauncher.launch(Manifest.permission.CAMERA) }
        }
        else -> {
            // Everything is fine you can simply request the permission

            showPermissionAlert(
                getString(R.string.camera_permission),
                getString(R.string.camera_permission_denied),
                getString(R.string.settings_caps),
                getString(R.string.cancel_caps)
            ) {
                val intent = Intent()
                intent.action = Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS
                val uri = Uri.fromParts(
                    "package",
                    BuildConfig.APPLICATION_ID, null
                )
                intent.data = uri
                intent.flags = Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK
                startActivity(intent)
            }

        }
    }
}


private fun requestStoragePermission() {

    when {
        ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(
            requireContext(),
            Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE
        ) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED -> {

            Log.d(TAG, "requestStoragePermission - Storage Permission Granted")
            viewGallery()

            // The permission is granted
            // you can go with the flow that requires permission here
        }
        shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) -> {
            // This case means user previously denied the permission
            // So here we can display an explanation to the user
            // That why exactly we need this permission
            Log.d(TAG, "requestStoragePermission - Storage Permission NOT Granted")
            showPermissionAlert(
                getString(R.string.read_storage_permission_required),
                getString(R.string.storage_permission_denied),
                getString(R.string.ok_caps),
                getString(R.string.cancel_caps)
            ) { requestStoragePermissionLauncher.launch(Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) }
        }
        else -> {
            // Everything is fine you can simply request the permission

            showPermissionAlert(
                getString(R.string.read_storage_permission_required),
                getString(R.string.storage_permission_denied),
                getString(R.string.settings_caps),
                getString(R.string.cancel_caps)
            ) {
                val intent = Intent()
                intent.action = Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS
                val uri = Uri.fromParts(
                    "package",
                    BuildConfig.APPLICATION_ID, null
                )
                intent.data = uri
                intent.flags = Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK
                startActivity(intent)
            }

        }
    }
}

private fun showPermissionAlert(
    title: String,
    message: String,
    ok: String,
    cancel: String,
    function: () -> Unit
) {
    val mDialog = requireActivity().let { Dialog(it) }
    mDialog.requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE)
    mDialog.setContentView(R.layout.dialog_permission_alert)
    mDialog.window!!.setBackgroundDrawable(ColorDrawable(Color.TRANSPARENT))

    val mTitleTv = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_title_tv) as AppCompatTextView
    mTitleTv.text = title

    val mMessageTv = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.id_message_tv) as AppCompatTextView
    mMessageTv.text = message

    val mNoBtn = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.no_btn) as AppCompatTextView
    mNoBtn.text = cancel

    val mYesBtn = mDialog.findViewById<View>(R.id.yes_btn) as AppCompatTextView
    mYesBtn.text = ok

    mYesBtn.setOnClickListener {
        function.invoke()
        mDialog.dismiss()
    }

    mNoBtn.setOnClickListener { mDialog.dismiss() }

    mDialog.setCancelable(true)
    mDialog.show()
    val metrics = resources.displayMetrics
    val width = metrics.widthPixels
    val height = metrics.heightPixels
    mDialog.window!!.setLayout(
        width,
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
    )
}

fun viewGallery() {
    val intentDocument = Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT)
    intentDocument.type = "image/*"
    intentDocument.putExtra(
        Constants.REQUEST_CODE,
        Constants.REQUEST_PHOTO_FROM_GALLERY
    )
    galleryLauncher.launch(intentDocument)
}

fun openCamera() {
    val takePictureIntent = Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE)
    takePictureIntent.putExtra(
        Constants.REQUEST_CODE,
        Constants.REQUEST_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_CODE_CAMERA
    )
    cameraLauncher.launch(takePictureIntent)
}

fun CallCameraPermission() {
    if (!Status_checkCameraPermission()) {
        requestCameraPermissionLauncher.launch(Manifest.permission.CAMERA)
    } else {
        openCamera()
    }
}

private fun Status_checkCameraPermission(): Boolean {
    val camera = ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(
        requireActivity(),
        Manifest.permission.CAMERA
    )

    return camera == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
}

Solution 25

I would also like to obtain the information whether or not the user has selected "never ask again". I have achieved a 'almost solution' with an ugly looking flag, but before I tell you how, I will tell you about my motivation:

I would like to offer the permission referring functionality initially. If the user uses it and has no rights, he/she gets the either the 1th dialog from above or both the 2nd and 3rd. When the user has chosen 'Never ask again' I would like to disable the functionality and to display it differently. - My action is triggered by a spinner text entry, I would also like to add '(Permission revoked)' to the label text displayed. This shows to the user: 'There is functionality but I cannot use it, due to my permission settings.' However, this does not seem to be possible, as I cannot check whether or not 'Never ask again' has been chosen.

I came to a solution I can live with by having my functionality always enabled with an active permission check. I am showing a Toast message in onRequestPermissionsResult() in case of a negative response but only if I have not shown my custom rationale popup. So if the user has chosen 'Never ask again' he gets a toast message only. If the user is reluctant to chose 'never ask again' he gets only the custom rationale and the permission request popup by the operation system but not toast, as three notifications in a row would be too much pain.

Solution 26

I have to implement dynamic permission for camera. Where 3 possible cases occurs: 1. Allow, 2. Denied, 3. Don't ask again.

 @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {

    for (String permission : permissions) {
        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(getActivity(), permission)) {
            //denied
            Log.e("denied", permission);
        } else {
            if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(getActivity(), permission) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                //allowed
                Log.e("allowed", permission);
            } else {
                //set to never ask again
                Log.e("set to never ask again", permission);
                //do something here.
            }
        }
    }
    if (requestCode != MaterialBarcodeScanner.RC_HANDLE_CAMERA_PERM) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        return;
    }
    if (grantResults.length != 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        mScannerView.setResultHandler(this);
        mScannerView.startCamera(mCameraId);
        mScannerView.setFlash(mFlash);
        mScannerView.setAutoFocus(mAutoFocus);
        return;
    } else {
        //set to never ask again
        Log.e("set to never ask again", permissions[0]);
    }
    DialogInterface.OnClickListener listener = new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
        public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int id) {
            dialog.cancel();
        }
    };
    AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(getActivity());
    builder.setTitle("Error")
            .setMessage(R.string.no_camera_permission)
            .setPositiveButton(android.R.string.ok, listener)
            .show();


}

private void insertDummyContactWrapper() {
        int hasWriteContactsPermission = checkSelfPermission(Manifest.permission.CAMERA);
        if (hasWriteContactsPermission != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.CAMERA},
                    REQUEST_CODE_ASK_PERMISSIONS);
            return;
        }
        mScannerView.setResultHandler(this);
        mScannerView.startCamera(mCameraId);
        mScannerView.setFlash(mFlash);
        mScannerView.setAutoFocus(mAutoFocus);
    }

private int checkSelfPermission(String camera) {
    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(getActivity(), Manifest.permission.CAMERA)
            != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        return REQUEST_CODE_ASK_PERMISSIONS;
    } else {
        return REQUEST_NOT_CODE_ASK_PERMISSIONS;
    }
}

Solution 27

You can use if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.CAMERA) method to detect whether never ask is checked or not.

For more reference : Check this

To check for multiple permissions use:

  if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.CAMERA)
                                || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
                                || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                                || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.permission.RECORD_AUDIO)) {
                            showDialogOK("Service Permissions are required for this app",
                                    new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                        @Override
                                        public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                                            switch (which) {
                                                case DialogInterface.BUTTON_POSITIVE:
                                                    checkAndRequestPermissions();
                                                    break;
                                                case DialogInterface.BUTTON_NEGATIVE:
                                                    // proceed with logic by disabling the related features or quit the app.
                                                    finish();
                                                    break;
                                            }
                                        }
                                    });
                        }
                        //permission is denied (and never ask again is  checked)
                        //shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale will return false
                        else {
                            explain("You need to give some mandatory permissions to continue. Do you want to go to app settings?");
                            //                            //proceed with logic by disabling the related features or quit the app.
                        }

explain() method

private void explain(String msg){
        final android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog.Builder dialog = new android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog.Builder(this);
        dialog.setMessage(msg)
                .setPositiveButton("Yes", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(DialogInterface paramDialogInterface, int paramInt) {
                        //  permissionsclass.requestPermission(type,code);
                        startActivity(new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_APPLICATION_DETAILS_SETTINGS, Uri.parse("package:com.exampledemo.parsaniahardik.marshmallowpermission")));
                    }
                })
                .setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(DialogInterface paramDialogInterface, int paramInt) {
                        finish();
                    }
                });
        dialog.show();
    }

Above code will also show dialog, which will redirect user to app settings screen from where he can give permission if had checked never ask again button.

Solution 28

Expanding on mVck's answer above, the following logic determines whether "Never ask again" has been checked for a given Permission Request:

bool bStorage = grantResults[0] == Permission.Granted;
bool bNeverAskForStorage =
    !bStorage && (
        _bStorageRationaleBefore == true  && _bStorageRationaleAfter == false ||
        _bStorageRationaleBefore == false && _bStorageRationaleAfter == false
    );

which is excerpted from below (for the full example see this answer)

private bool _bStorageRationaleBefore;
private bool _bStorageRationaleAfter;        
private const int ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__SDCARD = 2;
//private const int ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__CAMERA = 1;
private const int ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__NONE = 0;

public override void OnRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, string[] permissions, [GeneratedEnum] Permission[] grantResults)
{
    base.OnRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);

    switch (requestCode)
    {
        case ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__SDCARD:               
            _bStorageRationaleAfter = ShouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Android.Manifest.Permission.WriteExternalStorage);
            bool bStorage = grantResults[0] == Permission.Granted;
            bool bNeverAskForStorage =
                !bStorage && (
                    _bStorageRationaleBefore == true  && _bStorageRationaleAfter == false ||
                    _bStorageRationaleBefore == false && _bStorageRationaleAfter == false
                );      
            break;                
    }
}

private List<string> GetRequiredPermissions(out int requestCode)
{
    // Android v6 requires explicit permission granting from user at runtime for security reasons            
    requestCode = ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__NONE; // 0
    List<string> requiredPermissions = new List<string>();

    _bStorageRationaleBefore = ShouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(Android.Manifest.Permission.WriteExternalStorage);
    Permission writeExternalStoragePerm = ApplicationContext.CheckSelfPermission(Android.Manifest.Permission.WriteExternalStorage);
    //if(extStoragePerm == Permission.Denied)
    if (writeExternalStoragePerm != Permission.Granted)
    {
        requestCode |= ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__SDCARD;
        requiredPermissions.Add(Android.Manifest.Permission.WriteExternalStorage);
    }

    return requiredPermissions;
}

protected override void OnCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
    base.OnCreate(savedInstanceState);

        // Android v6 requires explicit permission granting from user at runtime for security reasons
        int requestCode;
        List<string> requiredPermissions = GetRequiredPermissions(out requestCode);
        if (requiredPermissions != null && requiredPermissions.Count > 0)
        {
            if (requestCode >= ANDROID_PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE__SDCARD)                    
            {
                _savedInstanceState = savedInstanceState;
                RequestPermissions(requiredPermissions.ToArray(), requestCode);
                return;
            }
        }
    }            

    OnCreate2(savedInstanceState);
}

Solution 29

I am bit too late, I have faced similar issue. Resolved this issue as below

Suppose you want location permission

Request permission launcher
private final ActivityResultLauncher<String> requestPermissionLauncher =
      registerForActivityResult(
          new RequestPermission(),
          isGranted -> {
            if (isGranted) {
              // Permission is granted go ahead
            } else {
              shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale();
            }
          });
Permission check
  private boolean hasPermissions() {
        if (checkSelfPermission(requireActivity(), ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) == PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
          // Permission is granted go ahead
        } else {
          requestPermissionLauncher.launch(ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION);
        }
      }
Check if need to show permission rational/custom dialog to educate user
private void shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale() {
        if (!shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {
          // need to show permission rational custom dialog.
        } 
    }