android

android-gradle-plugin

android-studio

gradle

Using Android Gradle plugin 0.7.0 with the following build.gradle:

buildscript {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }

    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:0.7.0'
    }
}

apply plugin: 'android'

repositories {
    maven { url "https://android-rome-feed-reader.googlecode.com/svn/maven2/releases" }
    maven { url "http://dl.bintray.com/populov/maven" }
    mavenCentral()
}

android {
    compileSdkVersion 19
    buildToolsVersion '18.1.1'

    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 9
        targetSdkVersion 19
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            runProguard true
            proguardFile getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android-optimize.txt')
        }
    }
    productFlavors {
        defaultFlavor {
            proguardFile 'proguard-rules.txt'
        }
    }
    sourceSets {
        instrumentTest.setRoot('src/instrumentTest')
    }
}

configurations {
    apt
}

ext.androidAnnotationsVersion = '2.7.1';

dependencies {
    compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:18.0.0'

    compile 'com.viewpagerindicator:library:[email protected]'

    compile 'com.google.code.android-rome-feed-reader:android-rome-feed-reader:1.0.0-r2'
    compile 'org.jdom:jdom:1.1.1-android-fork'

    apt "com.googlecode.androidannotations:androidannotations:${androidAnnotationsVersion}"
    compile "com.googlecode.androidannotations:androidannotations-api:${androidAnnotationsVersion}"

    compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.2.4'
    compile 'com.j256.ormlite:ormlite-android:4.47'
    compile 'com.j256.ormlite:ormlite-core:4.47'
    compile 'org.springframework.android:spring-android-core:1.0.1.RELEASE'
    compile 'org.springframework.android:spring-android-rest-template:1.0.1.RELEASE'
    compile 'com.prolificinteractive:actionbarsherlock:[email protected]'

    compile 'com.google.code.geocoder-java:geocoder-java:0.15'

    compile files('libs/CWAC-Pager.jar')
}

android.applicationVariants.all { variant ->
    aptOutput = file("${project.buildDir}/source/apt_generated/${variant.dirName}")
    println "****************************"
    println "variant: ${variant.name}"
    println "manifest:  ${variant.processResources.manifestFile}"
    println "aptOutput:  ${aptOutput}"
    println "****************************"

    variant.javaCompile.doFirst {
        println "*** compile doFirst ${variant.name}"
        aptOutput.mkdirs()
        variant.javaCompile.options.compilerArgs += [
                '-processorpath', configurations.apt.getAsPath(),
                '-AandroidManifestFile=' + variant.processResources.manifestFile,
                '-s', aptOutput
        ]
    }
}

gives the error Duplicate files copied in APK META-INF/LICENSE.txt:

WARNING: Dependency commons-logging:commons-logging:1.0.4 is ignored for defaultFlavorDebug as it may be conflicting with the internal version provided by Android.
         In case of problem, please repackage it with jarjar to change the class packages
WARNING: Dependency commons-logging:commons-logging:1.0.4 is ignored for defaultFlavorRelease as it may be conflicting with the internal version provided by Android.
         In case of problem, please repackage it with jarjar to change the class packages
Creating properties on demand (a.k.a. dynamic properties) has been deprecated and is scheduled to be removed in Gradle 2.0. Please read http://gradle.org/docs/current/dsl/org.gradle.api.plugins.ExtraPropertiesExtension.html for information on the replacement for dynamic properties.
Deprecated dynamic property: "aptOutput" on "com.and[email protected]5705013c", value: "/Users/david/Developer...".
****************************
variant: defaultFlavorDebug
manifest:  /Users/david/Developer/.../build/manifests/defaultFlavor/debug/AndroidManifest.xml
aptOutput:  /Users/david/Developer/.../build/source/apt_generated/defaultFlavor/debug
****************************
Deprecated dynamic property "aptOutput" created in multiple locations.
****************************
variant: defaultFlavorRelease
manifest:  /Users/david/Developer/.../build/manifests/defaultFlavor/release/AndroidManifest.xml
aptOutput:  /Users/david/Developer/.../build/source/apt_generated/defaultFlavor/release
****************************
:TravelGuard:compileDefaultFlavorDebugNdk UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:preDefaultFlavorDebugBuild UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:preDefaultFlavorReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:prepareComProlificinteractiveActionbarsherlock431Library UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:prepareComViewpagerindicatorLibrary241Library UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:prepareDefaultFlavorDebugDependencies
:TravelGuard:compileDefaultFlavorDebugAidl UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:compileDefaultFlavorDebugRenderscript UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:generateDefaultFlavorDebugBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:mergeDefaultFlavorDebugAssets UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:mergeDefaultFlavorDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:processDefaultFlavorDebugManifest UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:processDefaultFlavorDebugResources UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:generateDefaultFlavorDebugSources UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:compileDefaultFlavorDebugJava
*** compile doFirst defaultFlavorDebug
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/service/TravelGuardService.java:53: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: class com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardService
    TravelGuardPrefs_ travelGuardPrefs;
    ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/CategoriesActivity.java:14: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class AssistanceFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AssistanceFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/CategoriesActivity.java:16: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class CategoryFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.CategoryFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/CategoriesActivity.java:17: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class ContactFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.ContactFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/CountriesActivity.java:25: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: package com.travelguard.service
import com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardPrefs_;
                              ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/CountriesActivity.java:44: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: class com.travelguard.ui.CountriesActivity
    TravelGuardPrefs_ travelGuardPrefs;
    ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/InstructionsActivity.java:18: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class AssistanceFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AssistanceFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/InstructionsActivity.java:19: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class ContactFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.ContactFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/InstructionsActivity.java:21: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class InstructionsFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.InstructionsFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/MainActivity.java:36: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: package com.travelguard.service
import com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardPrefs_;
                              ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/MainActivity.java:40: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class AssistanceFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AssistanceFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/MainActivity.java:41: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class ContactFragment_
location: package com.travelguard.ui.fragments
import com.travelguard.ui.fragments.ContactFragment_;
                                   ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/MainActivity.java:55: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: class com.travelguard.ui.MainActivity
    TravelGuardPrefs_ travelGuardPrefs;
    ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/TermsActivity.java:17: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: package com.travelguard.service
import com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardPrefs_;
                              ^
/Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/TermsActivity.java:23: cannot find symbol
symbol  : class TravelGuardPrefs_
location: class com.travelguard.ui.TermsActivity
    TravelGuardPrefs_ travelGuardPrefs;
    ^
Note: Starting AndroidAnnotations annotation processing
Note: AndroidManifest.xml file found: /Users/david/Developer/.../build/manifests/defaultFlavor/debug/AndroidManifest.xml
Note: Number of files generated by AndroidAnnotations: 22
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.service.SmartTravellerService_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.service.SmartTravellerWebservice_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardPrefs_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardService_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.service.TravelGuardWebservice_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.AdviceActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.CategoriesActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.ContactDetailActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.ContactListActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.ContactTravelGuardActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.CountriesActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.InformationActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.InstructionsActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.MainActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.TermsActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.TravelGuardActivity_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AdviceDetailFragment_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AdviceFragment_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.AssistanceFragment_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.CategoryFragment_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.ContactFragment_
Note: Generating source file: com.travelguard.ui.fragments.InstructionsFragment_
Note: Time measurements: [Whole Processing = 913 ms], [Generate Sources = 358 ms], [Extract Manifest = 163 ms], [Process Annotations = 158 ms], [Extract Annotations = 120 ms], [Validate Annotations = 82 ms], [Find R Classes = 28 ms],
Note: Time measurements: [Whole Processing = 0 ms],
Note: Time measurements: [Whole Processing = 0 ms],
warning: The following options were not recognized by any processor: '[androidManifestFile]'
Note: /Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/ui/ContactDetailActivity.java uses or overrides a deprecated API.
Note: Recompile with -Xlint:deprecation for details.
Note: /Users/david/Developer/.../src/main/java/com/travelguard/service/SmartTravellerService.java uses unchecked or unsafe operations.
Note: Recompile with -Xlint:unchecked for details.
:TravelGuard:preDexDefaultFlavorDebug UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:dexDefaultFlavorDebug
:TravelGuard:processDefaultFlavorDebugJavaRes UP-TO-DATE
:TravelGuard:validateDebugSigning
:TravelGuard:packageDefaultFlavorDebug
Error: duplicate files during packaging of APK /Users/david/Developer/.../build/apk/TravelGuard-defaultFlavor-debug-unaligned.apk
    Path in archive: META-INF/LICENSE.txt
    Origin 1: /Users/david/.gradle/caches/modules-2/files-2.1/commons-httpclient/commons-httpclient/3.1/964cd74171f427720480efdec40a7c7f6e58426a/commons-httpclient-3.1.jar
    Origin 2: /Users/david/.gradle/caches/modules-2/files-2.1/commons-codec/commons-codec/1.2/397f4731a9f9b6eb1907e224911c77ea3aa27a8b/commons-codec-1.2.jar
:TravelGuard:packageDefaultFlavorDebug FAILED

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':TravelGuard:packageDefaultFlavorDebug'.
> Duplicate files copied in APK META-INF/LICENSE.txt
    File 1: /Users/david/.gradle/caches/modules-2/files-2.1/commons-httpclient/commons-httpclient/3.1/964cd74171f427720480efdec40a7c7f6e58426a/commons-httpclient-3.1.jar
    File 2: /Users/david/.gradle/caches/modules-2/files-2.1/commons-httpclient/commons-httpclient/3.1/964cd74171f427720480efdec40a7c7f6e58426a/commons-httpclient-3.1.jar


* Try:
Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.

BUILD FAILED

Total time: 21.957 secs

Things were working fine this morning before I updated Android Studio. Any ideas?

EDIT: I was able to temporarily fix it by running commands like

zip -d spring-android-core-1.0.1.RELEASE.jar META-INF/notice.txt

until all the duplicate errors went away.

Solution 1

As of Android Studio version 0.8.14

You should add:

 android {
     packagingOptions { 
         exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
         exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
         exclude '...'
     }
 }  

to your build.gradle file.

History:

According to comment 14 in this bug: https://issuetracker.google.com/issues/36982149#comment14 this is a bug in v0.7.0 of the Android Gradle plugin, and is due to be fixed soon in 0.7.1.

Here are the notes from that bug about the addition for 0.7.1:

0.7.1 is out with the fix for this.

The DSL to exclude files is:

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
    }
}

You can add as many exclude statement as you want. The value is the archive path. No wildcard or glob support yet.

Filenames "LICENSE.txt" and "NOTICE.txt" are case sensitive. Please try out with "license.txt" and "notice.txt" as well.

Solution 2

In my case I had to include several additional exclusions. It appears it doesn't like Regular expressions which would've made this a nice one-liner.

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
        exclude 'META-INF/dependencies.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
        exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/LGPL2.1'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
        exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
    }
}

Solution 3

packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
}

Solution 4

Have a look at Sakiboy's comment!


Outdated answer

From Gradle 0.9.1 the following is supported:

android.packagingOptions {
    pickFirst 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
}

More information in the Gradle release notes.

Solution 5

The same problem when I export the library httclient-4.3.5 in Android Studio 0.8.6 I need include this:

packagingOptions{
    exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
    exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
    exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
}

The library zip content the next jar:

commons-codec-1.6.jar
commons-logging-1.1.3.jar
fluent-hc-4.3.5.jar
httpclient-4.3.5.jar
httpclient-cache-4.3.5.jar
httpcore-4.3.2.jar
httpmime-4.3.5.jar

Solution 6

This bug still exists in 0.8+/1.10

With Jackson

compile 'com.fasterxml.jackson.dataformat:jackson-dataformat-csv:2.2.2'

I had to include as well as the above suggestion before it would compile

exclude 'META-INF/services/com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonFactory'

Solution 7

It's more than one error

Under apply plugin: 'android-library'

add this ::

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/ASL2.0'
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
    }
}

In case of duplicate files it's easy, look inside the JAR under the META-INF dir and see what's causing the error. It could be multiple. In my case Couchbase Lite plugin. As you add more plugins, you will need more exceptions

Solution 8

The same problem when I used 'org.springframework.android:spring-android-rest-template:2.0.0.M1' in Android Studio 1.0.1. I need include this in build.gradle

android{
...
    packagingOptions{
        exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
    }
...
}

Solution 9

This works for me:

android {
   packagingOptions {
       exclude 'LICENSE.txt'
   }
}

Solution 10

I think you need to include only these options in build.gradle:

packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
    }

p.s same answer from my post in : Error :: duplicate files during packaging of APK

Solution 11

If you want to do your part as developer, utilizing open source libraries, you should try including all those open source licenses within your apk. To do this, you can use the merge method in your packagingOptions.

Example:

packagingOptions {
        // This will get include every license and notice regardless of what dir its in.
        merge '**/LICENSE.txt'
        merge '**/NOTICE.txt'
        merge '**/notice.txt'
        merge '**/license.txt'
        merge '**/NOTICE'
        merge '**/LICENSE'
        merge '**/notice'
        merge '**/license'
        merge '**/LGPL2.1'
        // This will exclude any README files, regardless of the dir or the file type.
        exclude '**/README.*'
}

This answer is better than using pickFirst because that method only picks the first license it finds and disregards all the rest, kinda rendering it useless in this case.

So in short, use the merge method to include all those licenses from those kickass open source libraries youve been using.

More info on Gradle PackagingOptions.

Solution 12

The problem is that the META-INF folder won't get filtered so multiple entries of NOTICE or LICENSE cause duplicates when building and it is tryed to copy them together.

Dirty Quick Fix:

Open the .jar file in your .gradle/caches/... folder (with a zip compatible tool) and remove or rename the files in the META-INF folder that cause the error (usally NOTICE or LICENSE). (I know thats also in the OP, but for me it was not really clear until I read the google forum)

EDIT:

This was fixed in 0.7.1. Just add the confilcting files to exclude.

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
    }
}

Solution 13

Same here with

dependencies {
    compile 'org.apache.oltu.oauth2:org.apache.oltu.oauth2.client:1.0.0'
}

packagingOptions {
    exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
    exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
}

I lost like 2 days for that weird error... Why is this still happening in gradle 1.0.0 ? That is very disturbing for newbies... Anyway, thanks for that info i thought it was on my code :)

Solution 14

Important to know in what file it comes to this error (in you example it is META-INF/LICENSE.txt) , in my case it was in META-INF/LICENSE [without ".txt"], and then in the file META-INF/ASL2.0 so I added to my build.gradle this lines:

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
        exclude 'META-INF/ASL2.0'
    }
}

Very important (!) -> add the name of the file in the same style, that you see it in the error message: the text is case sensitive, and there is a difference between *.txt and *(without "txt").

Solution 15

I noticed this commit comment in AOSP, the solution will be to exclude some files using DSL. Probably when 0.7.1 is released.

commit e7669b24c1f23ba457fdee614ef7161b33feee69
Author: Xavier Ducrohet <--->
Date:   Thu Dec 19 10:21:04 2013 -0800

    Add DSL to exclude some files from packaging.

    This only applies to files coming from jar dependencies.
    The DSL is:

    android {
      packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
      }
    }

Solution 16

In my case I only need to add to project's build.gradle file:

android {
  packagingOptions {
    exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
  }

   ...
}

Solution 17

In Android Studio 1.1.0 i needed lower case names:

packagingOptions{
      exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
      exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
}

Solution 18

Files "LICENSE.txt" and "NOTICE.txt" are case sensitive. So for SPring android library I had to add

android {
    packagingOptions {
        exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
        exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
    }
}

Solution 19

Removing .txt after LICENSE removed my error :

packagingOptions {
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
}

Solution 20

  packagingOptions {
    exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/DEPENDENCIES'
    exclude 'META-INF/dependencies.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE'
    exclude 'META-INF/license.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/LGPL2.1'
    exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'
    exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE'
    exclude 'META-INF/notice.txt'
}